Robert Henri was born Robert Henry Cozad in Cincinnati, Ohio to Theresa Gatewood Cozad of Malden, Virginia and John Jackson Cozad, a gambler and real estate developer. Robert Henri, (born June 25, 1865, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.—died July 12, 1929, New York, New York), urban realist painter, a leader of The Eight and the Ashcan School and one of the most influential teachers of art in the United States at the beginning of the 20th century. A painting such as Himself (1913) reveals his facile brushwork, lively palette, and ability to catch fleeting gestures and expressions. Teacher of: George Wesley Bellows (1882-1925), Edward Hopper (1882-1967), Rockwell Kent (1882-1971). In recent years, he's been particularly recognized for his embrace of women as artists during a time in which many in the art world did not take them seriously. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Robert-Henri, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Robert Henri, American Art at The Phillips Collection - Biography of Robert Henri, National Gallery of Art, Washington - Biography of Robert Henri, Traditional Fine Arts Organization - Robert Henri: American Icon. Gifted as a teacher, Robert Henri soon found himself surrounded by a closely-knit group of fellow artists. Robert Henri, 1865-1929-1965, 1965, (Sheldon Exhibition Catalogue in Observance of the Artist's Centennial Birthday) Robert Henri and His Circle. He knew that his style would soon be outside of the leading edge of contemporary art. Although Henri's realistic work did not fit in with the avant-garde works that made up most of the landmark 1913 Armory Show, he did participate with five of his paintings. 1985. However, in 1907, the academy rejected work by Henri's fellow Ashcan painters for an exhibition, and he accused them of bias and walked out to organize his own show. Henri was born Robert Henry Cozad on June 25, 1865 in Nebraska. His early paintings follow the impressionist tradition. Robert Henri (Robert Henry Cozad) was one of America's greatest artists and one of its most important art instructors. This was an art movement best known for a style of oil painting which portrayed the realism of everyday life in New York. He is a celebrity painter. Although elected in 1906 to the National Academy of Design, Henri became enraged when, the following year, the works of his realist colleagues were rejected. Robert Henri's teaching positions helped enhance his reputation as a painter. His vigorous ideas attracted a group of young illustrators from the Philadelphia press: John Sloan, Everett Shinn, George Luks, and William J. Glackens. Henri was also noted for his portrait art and figurative works. Robert Henri (25 June 1865 – 12 July 1929) was an American painter and teacher. The bold brushwork of James Abbott McNeil Whistler, Edouard Manet, and Diego Velazquez, viewed on trips to Europe, inspired Henri. The artists saw immigrant and working-class life in New York City as worthy subject matter for painters. Robert (Henry Cozad) Henri (1865 - 1929) was active/lived in New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio. Learn about this topic in these articles: discussed in biography. After studying in Philadelphia, the young artist went to Paris to hone his skills at the Académie Julian. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, as Robert Henry Cozad, the young Robert Henri was the son of a real estate developer, John Jackson Cozad, and a distant cousin of American impressionist painter Mary Cassatt. BIOGRAPHY Robert Henri was a painter, watercolorist, pastellist, and draughtsman. Paintings Also known as: Cozad, Robert Henry Birth Place: Cincinnati (Hamilton county, Ohio, United States) Biography: Robert Henri was born Robert Henry Cozad in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1865, later changing his name in 1882 after his father was indicted for murder. During an extremely active life as an artist, Henri exercised considerable influence as a portrait painter. Peter A. Juley & Son, Robert Henri, c. 1908, photograph, 1913 Armory Show, 50th anniversary exhibition records, 1962–1963, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution Robert Henri American, 1865 - … Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1865, painter Robert Henri studied art at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1886. When he returned to the United States, Henri and his wife settled in New York City, a place he felt was more hospitable to his artistic vision tha… In 1898 Henri married and went to Paris for his honeymoon. The Cozads also changed their names to protect themselves. In 1888 he journeyed to Paris, France, and studied at the Academie Julien and the Ecole dex Beaux-Arts. Early life. View Robert Henri’s 659 artworks on artnet. He led the Ashcan School movement and organized the pivotal exhibition, "The Eight." Robert Henri’s most popular book is Winesburg, Ohio. Robert Henri entered the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia as a student in 1886. Hired by the New York School of Art in 1902, his students included Joseph Stella, Edward Hopper, and Stuart Davis. Robert HENRI (1865-1929) is an artist born in 1865 The oldest auction result ever registered on the website for an artwork by this artist is a drawing-watercolor sold in 1983, at Christie's, and the most recent auction result is a drawing-watercolor sold in 2021. He led the Ashcan School movement and organized the pivotal exhibition, "The Eight.". In addition to Henri and the Charcoal Club, the exhibition included Maurice Prendergast, Ernest Lawson, and Arthur B. Davies, who painted mostly outside of the realist style. Organ inherited these papers and planned on using them in a biography of Henri … In 1910, Henri helped organize the Exhibition of Independent Artists, deliberately designed as an egalitarian show without a jury or awarding of prizes. Eventually calling themselves the Charcoal Club, the group discussed the work of writers such as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Walt Whitman, and Emile Zola in addition to their theories about art. A painting such as Himself (1913) reveals his facile brushwork, lively palette, and ability to catch fleeting gestures and expressions. He studied art at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. Robert Henri biography at the "Artchive" "The Portraits of Robert Henri: Context and Influences" (Valerie Ann Leeds) "Robert Henri: American Icon" (Valerie Ann Leeds) "American Women Modernists, The Legacy of Robert Henri 1910-1945" (Edited By Marian Wardle, Sarah Burns) Bibliografie. ', 'Do whatever you do intensely. Henri considered the show to be a protest against the narrow taste of the National Academy of Design, and he sent the paintings on the road to cities on the East Coast and in the Midwest. In the first decade of the twentieth century, Henri's reputation as a gifted portrait painter grew. Robert Henri (born Robert Henry Cozad; 1865-1929) was an American realist painter who rebelled against academic art and helped lay the groundwork for the artistic revolutions of the twentieth century. In its place, he urged painters to create more realistic art rooted in everyday American life. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). View Robert Henri’s 659 artworks on artnet. Although cleared of any crimes, the Cozad family feared retribution from residents of the town, and they moved to Denver, Colorado. In 1883, the family moved to New York City and then finally settled in Atlantic City, New Jersey. He became a leading light in the town's developing art scene and encouraged fellow artists George Bellows and John Sloan to visit. Omissions? Upon his return, Henri worked against the grain of New York City’s more conservative art establishment and, … American painter, Robert Henri was one of the leading figures of the Ashcan School of Art in New York. In 1871, Henri's father started the community of Cozaddale, Ohio, with his family. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He graduated from Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Academy Julian. His wife, Marjorie Organ, was one of his favorite subjects. It included almost five hundred works by more than one hundred artists. Henri began exploring the color theories of Hardesty Maratta later in his career. His family fled to the East Coast and Henri enrolled in the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. Artist Biography . The American West: The Modern Vision. Robert Henri is known for Portrait and social realist genre painting, teaching. 1984. Later, Henri called the Academy, "a cemetery of art.". Robert Henri (born Robert Henry Cozad; 1865-1929) was an American realist painter who rebelled against academic art and helped lay the groundwork for the artistic revolutions of the twentieth century. Robert Henri was born on June 24, 1865 (age 64) in the Ohio, United States. Robert Henri Biography. By 1895, Robert Henri began to reject impressionism. Robert Henri was an American painter known for his use of lively brushstrokes and simplified forms. During that period, Henri developed an admiration of impressionism. In My People -The Portraits of Robert Henri, Valerie Lee Leeds states “ The particular triumph of Robert Henri as a portrait painter rests with his ability to extract the spiritual essence and personality of a subject without flattery and translate it into paint. A dedicated teacher and exhibition organizer, extended summer and fall sojourns were Robert Henri’s most productive seasons when he was free to devote himself to painting. Robert Henri was a major proponent of a gritty style of urban realism around the turn of the century. In 1908 he joined forces with seven other artists (including Sloan, Shinn, Luks, and Glackens)—dubbed “The Eight”—and mounted a single, joint exhibition before being absorbed into the larger Ashcan School. During this period he was instrumental in turning young American painters away from academic eclecticism toward an acceptance of the rich, real life of the modern city as the proper subject of art. Corrections? From 1915 to 1928 Henri taught at the Art Students League in New York. The paintings were hung alphabetically to emphasize the point. In November 1928, while returning to the U.S. after a visit to his Irish home, Henri fell ill. Robert Henri … His fiancee is Marjorie Organ (m. 1905). ROBERT HENRI (1865–1929) Dutch Girl, 1910; worked 1913 and 1919: In New York at the turn of the century, Robert Henri emerged as an artist working in the realist tradition, combining immediacy of expression with subjects from everyday life. After training at the Pennsylvania Academy and the Academie Julian in Paris, he dropped Impressionism for the dark manner of … Artprice.com's price levels for this artist are based on 672 auction results. Read the artist bio and gain a deeper understanding with MutualArt's artist profile. The latter, just north of the Platte River, grew to a community of nearly 4,000. In 1913, the year of the Armory Show, Robert Henri traveled to the west coast of Ireland and rented a house near Dooagh on Achill Island. In the summer of 1915, with George and Emma Bellows, Henri, and his wife Marjorie, visited Ogunquit, Maine, which was becoming known as an artist colony. In the spring of 1929, the Arts Council of New York named Robert Henri one of the top three living American artists. Born Robert Henri Cozad in Spence’s Station (later changed to Cozaddale), Ohio in 1865 (his birth was registered in Cincinnati), Robert was to become one of the most influential teachers and artists in the history of American art. Overview ↓ Biography ↓ Songs ↓ Credits ↓ Born Robert Henri Cozad in Spence's Station (later changed to Cozaddale), Ohio in 1865 (his birth was registered in Cincinnati), Robert was to become one of the most influential teachers and artists in the history of American art. The painting "The Masquerade Dress" is one of Henri's best-known paintings. While these paintings were rejected by the progressive Salon des Indépendants, the French government purchased one of them, Snow in 1899. It will stick with you and show up for better or worse in spite of all you or anyone else can do.' In Robert Henri. He presents his subject directly to the viewer in a non-romanticized fashion. Biography. Henri traveled there in the summers of 1916, 1917, and 1922. Robert Henrit is a British drummer whose four-decade-plus career has carried him through membership in several top U.K. and international pop/rock bands, including Argent and the Kinks. Robert Henri Charles Van Maasdijk is Chairman at Mulier Capital Ltd. See Robert Henri Charles Van Maasdijk's compensation, career history, education, & memberships. Henri also exhibited at the 1913 Armory Show. He also wielded influence as a teacher. Student of: Thomas Pollock Anschutz (1851-1912). Henri continued his studies in Paris, France, in 1888 at the Academie Julian. 1969. He also wielded influence as a teacher. The artists embraced the title as a tongue-in-cheek counterpoint to other movements. He disdained the rigidity of academic art and supported a more open and egalitarian approach to exhibitions. Henri adopted the motto "art for life's sake," in place of the more traditional "art for art's sake." While sticking to a specific style of realism in his painting for most of his career, Robert Henri encouraged and fought for artistic freedom among working artists. You couldn't get rid of it even if you wanted to. He died a few short months later in July 1929. 104 quotes from Robert Henri: 'The object isn't to make art, it's to be in that wonderful state which makes art inevitable. The first of those groups became known as the "Philadelphia Four" and included realist painters William Glackens, George Luks, Everett Shin, and John Sloan. He became progressively weaker over the next several months. Ashcan School realism rooted itself in a sense of reporting on modern urban life. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. This article ( requires login ) Henri was born on June 25, 1865 ( 64! Watercolorist, pastellist, and Stuart Davis the family moved to New York brushwork, lively,... Eight. all you or anyone else can do. and studied at Academie! The realism of everyday life in New York City as worthy subject matter for.. And social realist genre painting, teaching American artists let us know if you have to. 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