The initial vaccination series consists of two doses three to four weeks apart, followed by revaccination one year later for all pet cats. FeLV is found worldwide. American Association of Feline Practitioners, Why Your Cat Is Itchy and What You Can Do, Dog Nutrition: Guide to Dog Food Nutrients. Influenza vaccines — United States, 2020–21 influenza season* Trade name (Manufacturer) Presentation Age indication HA (IIVs and RIV4) or virus count (LAIV4) for each vaccine virus (per dose) The overall incidence of adverse reactions in cats is reported to be about half of 1 percent and usually mild and self-limiting. A high-dose vaccine (Fluzone High-Dose) four times the strength of standard flu vaccine was approved by the FDA in 2009. ** Rabies: 3-year vs 1-year vaccine depending on state laws. The FeLV vaccine works to protect your cat against feline leukemia virus. Rabies is significant not only for its effect on the cat but because it is a disease that is transmissible and fatal to humans. FVRCP Vaccine (feline viral rhinotracheitis, calicivirus and panleukopenia) All three of these diseases are highly contagious. In total, the UK now has a category of 407 million doses of Covid vaccines, the majority of which were bought last year in the hope at least one vaccine candidate would be proven to work. Currently, the recommendation for indoor/outdoor cats is to administer the FVRCP vaccine annually. For adults and older children, the recommended site for intramuscular influenza vaccination is the deltoid muscle. Fortunately, we can protect our cats from flu by vaccinating them. § The dose volume for Afluria Quadrivalent is 0.25 mL for children aged 6 through 35 months and 0.5 mL for persons aged ≥3 years. The FeLV vaccine is recommended as core for kittens. Â. It cannot be caught by humans or other animals. In these cases, cats may develop hives, redness/swelling around the eyes and lips, or a mild fever. While it is listed as a noncore vaccine, it is a little more complicated than that. Feline leukemia cannot be cured, so prevention is a priority. For indoor-only cats, the recommendation is to administer the vaccine every three years. They are highly dangerous to young cats, and the vaccines are considered highly protective with minimal risk. That prompts researchers to urge vigilance. It can be caused by a number of infectious agents, including viruses and bacteria. Your veterinarian can assess your cat’s risk of FeLV infection and decide on an appropriate vaccination schedule. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. Table 1: Vaccine Names, Abbreviations, Trade Names, and Manufacturers; Vaccine Trade Name Abbreviation Manufacturer Route Doses in Routine Series Approved Ages Comments; Adenovirus: Adenovirus Type 4 & Type 7: Barr Labs Inc. Feline Rhinotracheitis Virus/Herpesvirus 1 (FVR/FHV-1). Rarely, cats will have a more significant allergic reaction to the vaccine, which generally happens within a few minutes to a few hours of receiving the vaccine. Rabies; Feline Leukemia . Core vaccines are those recommended for all cats, no matter where they live or under what conditions. Cats heading into stressful situations, such as boarding, may benefit from a core vaccine booster 7-10 days before. The flu vaccine is about 40 to 60 percent effective when the virus type in the vaccine aligns with the circulating virus. Bordetella: Cats who go to the groomer or stay at a kennel should get vaccinated for this infection that spreads quickly in spaces where there are lots of animals. Swellings should be biopsied if they are larger than 2 centimeters, persist longer than three months, or grow one month past the date of vaccination. Rabies is endemic worldwide, and the vaccine is recommended for all pet cats. Vaccines that are appropriate for some cats in some circumstances are considered noncore vaccines (or lifestyle vaccines). It’s easy to be overwhelmed when you hear conflicting information about whether your cat needs them and the adverse effects they may have. Influenza Surveillance Report (FluView), Past Flu Seasons Flu Forecasting Accuracy Results, Tools to Prepare Your Practice for Flu Season, Information for Clinicians on Influenza Virus Testing, Multiplex Assays Authorized for Simultaneous Detection of Influenza Viruses and SARS-CoV-2, Information on Collection of Respiratory Specimens for Influenza Virus Testing, Information for Clinicians on Rapid Diagnostic Testing for Influenza, Information on Rapid Molecular Assays, RT-PCR, and other Molecular Assays for Diagnosis of Influenza Virus Infection, Algorithm: Interpreting Influenza Testing Results When Influenza is Circulating, Algorithm: Interpreting Influenza Testing Results When Influenza is NOT Circulating, Guide: Influenza Diagnostic Testing in Closed Setting Outbreaks, Guidance: Standard-Based Electronic Laboratory Reporting, Guidance: Antiviral and Obstetric Health Care, Guidance: Outbreak Management in Long-Term Care Facilities, Guidance: Use of Mask to Control Influenza Transmission, Guidance: Prevention & Control in Peri- and Postpartum Settings, Health Professional References & Resources, Responding to Problems with Purchasing Needles for Flu Vaccination, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Standard dose, cell culture based (ccIIV4), Standard dose, egg based† with MF59 adjuvant (aIIV4), Standard dose, egg based† with MF59 adjuvant (aIIV3), 0.2-mL prefilled single-use intranasal sprayer. About Cat Flu; About Cat Flu. While cats are not natural carriers for the disease, they can be infected by a bite from any infected mammal and then pass it on to others. With the exceptions of legal requirements for rabies or vaccination requirements for kennels or travel, … During times of stress, the virus can reactivate, and the cat can start to show signs of infection again—even if they have not been reexposed to the disease. Saving Lives, Protecting People, Immunogenicity, Efficacy, and Effectiveness of Influenza Vaccines, Package inserts for U.S.-licensed vaccines. Cat flu is a common illness, like a human cold, that affects the upper respiratory tract of cats. Their guidelines, published by the American Association of Feline Practitioners, are among the most trusted and utilized recommendations in the field. Dogs are commonly vaccinated against some or all of the following diseases. The other three core vaccines are combined into a single three-in-one vaccine called the FVRCP vaccine. https://www.petmd.com/cat/wellness/essential-cat-vaccinations And preventive care recommendations for our cats are no exception. To receive weekly email updates about Seasonal Flu, enter your email address: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The vaccine is recommended for cats who spend any time outside. Even though it’s a confusing topic, making sure your cat has the shots they need and keeping up with booster shots is very important. Influenza, also known as the flu, is a contagious respiratory disease that is caused by influenza viruses. After a latent period lasting months or even years, the disease progresses to a variety of associated conditions: lymphoma, anemia or immunosuppression resulting in secondary disease. Vaccination Guidelines for Dogs and Cats How we can help Call 530-752-1393 to schedule an appointment with the Internal Medicine Service. Infection with FeLV is not an automatic death sentence. URIs are common, as the causative viruses are widespread in cat populations. If the benefit to the cat is greater than the likelihood of a bad reaction, the cat should be vaccinated. No injection or medication is without some degree of risk, but we continue to vaccinate because, in most cases, it is much smaller than the risk of the disease itself. Core vaccines should be given to all dogs, whereas non-core vaccines are given where indicated by your dog's lifestyle or the geographic area in which you live. Common side effects include lethargy, transient fever and local inflammation. Vaccines that should be given to every cat regardless of circumstance are known as core vaccines. Pet owners can minimize the impact of sarcomas by monitoring injection sites for swelling after vaccinations. Many cats are fortunate to go into a regressive state and appear perfectly healthy throughout their lives, but some do not. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. Unfortunately, once a cat has caught cat flu it’s possible for them to become a lifetime carrier and suffer symptoms throughout life. Kennel Cough and Flu Vaccinations (Bordetella Bronchiseptica, Canine Parainfluenza Virus, Canine Influenza Virus-H3N8 and Canine Influenza Virus-H3N2) Kennel cough can have a variety of causes, including Bordetella bronchiseptica bacteria, parainfluenza virus, and/or adenovirus type-2. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. This allows veterinarians to efficiently administer the vaccines all at once, instead of having to inject a cat three separate times in one visit. Many factors affect the likelihood of a cat developing an infectious disease, which is why a thorough medical history is essential to determining each cat’s recommended care. Here’s an explanation of each required cat vaccination (core) and those that are sometimes recommended by your vet (lifestyle/noncore). Cat flu is generally spread by direct contact between cats (through saliva, tears or nasal discharge), but it can also be spread indirectly, such as via food bowls, bedding, litter trays or human hands. However, based on most recent data, the Vaccine Advisory Panel recommends that subsequent vaccines may be administered based on risk: yearly for high-risk cats and every two years for lower risk cats. Product Name Trade Name; Adenovirus Type 4 and Type 7 Vaccine, Live, Oral: No Trade Name: Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed: Biothrax: BCG Live: BCG Vaccine: BCG Live In some cases, it also causes oral ulceration and pneumonia. When it comes to medicine, there is no “one-size-fits-all” approach. An example of a core vaccine is the rabies vaccine . There is a cat flu vaccine that is given to your cat routinely as part of their annual vaccination programme. Visit the Internal Medicine Service website Introduction The UC Davis veterinary hospital vaccination guidelines below have been based on published studies and recommendations made by task forces. ** Fluzone Quadrivalent is currently licensed for ages 6 through 35 months at either 0.25 mL or 0.5 mL per dose; however, 0.25-mL prefilled syringes are not expected to be available for the 2020–21 influenza season. The vaccine produces a greater immune response than standard vaccine. * Vaccination providers should consult FDA-approved prescribing information for 2020–21 influenza vaccines for the most complete and updated information, including (but not limited to) indications, contraindications, warnings, and precautions. Every cat needs to be kept up to date on their rabies vaccination regardless of whether rabies is common in the cat’s environment. The virus also kills off the white blood cells, leaving the young cats even more susceptible to secondary infections. Sarcomas occur with about the same rare frequency as anaphylactic reactions. While feline upper respiratory disease can be caused by several different pathogens, there are a few symptoms that they have in common. Kittens and older cats are the worst affected due to lower immunity. Decades of history show why they're right. The scientific community is still learning exactly how long these vaccines last. For cats without a history of vaccine reactions, the risk of sarcomas is usually outweighed by the benefit of the core vaccines. FVRCP (Also called “the feline distemper vaccine”; which protects against three feline viruses: rhinotracheitis, calicivirus and panleukopenia.) Preventing the entry of cat flu into a group of cats is a complex issue and full discussion with your vet is essential. Rabies is a zoonotic disease (it can be transmitted from animals to humans), so it is a public safety issue to keep your cat up to date on their rabies vaccine. The influenza vaccine can be delivered as either an injection or as a nasal spray. ¶IM-administered influenza vaccines should be given by needle and syringe only, with the exception of the MDV presentation of Afluria Quadrivalent, which may alternatively be given by the PharmaJet Stratis jet injector for persons aged 18 through 64 years only. The preferred site for infants and young children is the anterolateral aspect of the thigh. A vaccine-associated sarcoma is a slow-growing but locally aggressive cancerous mass that develops at vaccine injection sites. If a prefilled syringe of Fluzone Quadrivalent is used for a child in this age group, the dose volume will be 0.5mL per dose. Those who report having had reactions to egg involving symptoms other than urticaria (e.g., angioedema or swelling, respiratory distress, lightheadedness, or recurrent emesis) or who required epinephrine or another emergency medical intervention should be vaccinated in an inpatient or outpatient medical setting (including, but not necessarily limited to, hospitals, clinics, health departments, and physician offices) supervised by a health care provider who is able to recognize and manage severe allergic reactions, if a vaccine other than ccIIV4 or RIV4 is used. For any cat over 16 weeks old whose vaccine history is unknown, the initial series consists of two doses given three to four weeks apart. This is intended to give your cat protection from the two common viruses that cause flu. Cat flu can be a real problem in any situation where a group of cats is kept, particularly if new cats are often introduced. Some of the more virulent strains cause hair loss and crusting on other parts of the body as well as hepatitis and even death. The most commonly available vaccines are used to provide protection against the following infections: Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV, feline infectious enteritis; feline parvovirus) Feline herpesvirus (FHV-1, cat flu) Feline calicivirus (FCV, cat flu) It can cause a runny nose and eyes, and a sore throat. Cat flu is the common name for a feline upper respiratory tract disease. Typical risk factors include: 1. Cat flu in rescue catteries. † History of severe allergic reaction (e.g., anaphylaxis) to egg is a labeled contraindication to the use of most IIVs and LAIV4. What is Cat Flu? After the cat recovers from the initial infection, the virus enters a latency period in the nerves. ACIP General Best Practice Guidelines for Immunization. These diseases are highly infectious and found worldwide. Package inserts for U.S.-licensed vaccinesexternal icon. Reviewed and updated for accuracy on May 24, 2019, by Dr. Katie Grzyb, DVM. Feline panleukopenia, also known as feline parvovirus, is a highly infectious disease with a high mortality rate in kittens. This article was last updated Jan. 29, 2021. When sarcomas are addressed early, surgery is often curative. With these recommendations as a starting point, you can discuss your cat’s lifestyle and risk factors with your veterinarian to determine an optimal, individualized vaccination protocol. Maternal antibodies passed on from the mother are meant to confer some degree of protection against diseases, but they also interfere with, or even inactivate, the body’s response to vaccination. This vaccine is intended for people 65 and over, who typically have weakened immune response due to normal aging. Pfizer has more than one vaccine candidate, being developed together with the German company BioNTech. Kittens 4. Core vaccines should be boosted one year after the initial series. Vaccine experts are warning the federal government against rushing out a coronavirus vaccine before testing has shown it's both safe and effective. Availability and characteristics of specific products and presentations might change and/or differ from what is described in this table and in the text of the full report. Cat vaccination recommendations are among the most contentious debates in veterinary medicine. While the disease usually starts with decreased energy and low appetite, it progresses to vomiting and diarrhea. Elderly and immunosuppressed cats (e.g., cats with FeLV or FIVinfection, or cats receiving im… Transmitted through body fluids including saliva, urine and feces, FeLV is spread when an infected cat comes into close contact with another cat that they groom or share bowls with. This is why all cats should receive these core vaccines. The coronavirus is not a shape shifter like the flu virus, but it could become vaccine resistant over time. Cat flu is an illness that causes similar symptoms to human flu (a high temperature, sneezing, weepy eyes and a snotty nose). Feline calicivirus encompasses a number of viral strains that cause signs of upper respiratory infection, such as sneezing and nasal discharge as well as oral ulcerations. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Feline herpesvirus, also known as feline rhinotracheitis virus, causes severe signs of upper respiratory infection. However, ACIP recommends that persons with a history of egg allergy may receive any licensed, recommended influenza vaccine that is otherwise appropriate for their age and health status. Unvaccinated cats 3. Kittens under 6 months of age are most susceptible to infectious diseases, so they are considered a primary focus of vaccination recommendations. They divide cat vaccines into two categories: * FeLV: highly recommended for kittens and optional for adult cats. The factors that your veterinarian will consider to determine your cat’s vaccination schedule include: How likely they are to be exposed to a pathogen. The Feline Vaccination Advisory Panel regularly evaluates and researches cat vaccination developments to make science-based recommendations. While the rabies vaccine is not listed as a core vaccine by the AAFP guidelines, it is required by law in most regions. After an incubation stage averaging two months, clinical signs of aggression, disorientation and death rapidly progress. TABLE 1. FCV is thought to be associated with chronic gingivitis/stomatitis, a very painful inflammation of the gums and teeth. The flu shot can come in a variety of forms that protect against three or four influenza strains. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD), Reconstruction of the 1918 Influenza Pandemic Virus, 2019-2020 Preliminary In-Season Burden Estimate, Who is at High Risk for Flu Complications, Who Should & Who Should NOT Get Vaccinated, Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine (LAIV)/Nasal Spray Vaccine, Selecting Viruses for the Seasonal Influenza Vaccine, Flu Vaccine and People with Egg Allergies, Frequently Asked Questions on Vaccine Supply, Historical Reference of Vaccine Doses Distributed, Hospitalized Adult Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness Network (HAIVEN), How Vaccine Effectiveness and Efficacy are Measured, What People with a Staph Infection Should Know about Flu, Resources for Hosting a Vaccination Clinic, Overview of Influenza Surveillance in the United States, Influenza Hospitalization Surveillance Network (FluSurv-NET), Weekly U.S. Abbreviations: ACIP = Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices; FDA = Food and Drug Administration; HA = hemagglutinin; IIV3 = inactivated influenza vaccine, trivalent; IIV4 = inactivated influenza vaccine, quadrivalent; IM = intramuscular; LAIV4 = live attenuated influenza vaccine, quadrivalent; MDV = multidose vial; NAS = intranasal; PFS = prefilled syringe; RIV4 = recombinant influenza vaccine, quadrivalent; SDV = single-dose vial. Anaphylaxis and death are, fortunately, extremely rare: about one in every 10,000 vaccines. Influenza viruses infect the respiratory tract (nose, throat, and lungs) in humans. For this reason, initial core kitten vaccinations occur at three- to four-week intervals until the cat is 16-20 weeks old and maternal antibodies are out of the system. Cats kept in large groups or colonies such as breeding catteries, rescue centres and feral cat colonies – in these situations the viruses are able to spread easily 2. Some symptoms you can expect to see include sneezing, nasal congestion and discharge, and conjunctivitis. CDC twenty four seven. Additional guidance regarding site selection and needle length for intramuscular administration is available in the ACIP General Best Practice Guidelines for Immunization.pdf icon. Vaccines are an important part of preventative health care for our pets. 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