Sher Shah Suri divided his empire into 47 sarkars. Sher Shah Suri introduced the silver rupee which weighed 11.6 grams. Answer: For Killing a tiger; What was the extent of Sher Shah Suri's empire? The founder of the Sur dynasty was Sher Shah, whose original name was Farid. Interestingly, the money is still known by the name of Rupya in India. Sher Shah defeated Humayun at Chausa (1539) and again at Kanauj (1540). Sher Shah introduced comprehensive land reforms. Humayun, defeated and overthrown, had to flee to Iran. Short Biography of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shah Suri was the first King of Sur Empire. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity, Essay on Currency and tariff during the Sur Empire, Short Essay on Sher Shah Suri (1540 AD to 1555 AD), Short Essay on Sher Shah’s Military Strength, Get Complete Information on Police Administration of Sher Shah, Biography of Islam Shah the Successor of Sher Shah, Sher Shah’s Charity and Educational Activities, Controlling in Management # Meaning, Definition, Types, Process, Steps and Techniques. Some Indian states minted the coin till their accession to India in 1947. All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. rupaiya continued throughout the Mughal period as well as East India Company for a long time (till 1883). Sher Shah was a past master in adopting successful war tactics. There was debasement of the current coins and the absence of a fixed ratio between… Read more We use it to this day! Sher Shah Suri, originally named Farid, was the grandson of an Afghan noble who had come to India to serve Bahlul Shah Lodi. Sher Shah first introduced a silver currency called Rupya, weighed 178 grains (11.5342 grams, 1 grain = 64.7989 grams = 0.0647989 mg) and Akbar continued to issue the Rupya with his own name inscribed. The concept of the tri-metallic coinage system which became characteristic to the Mughal coinage was introduced by Sher Shah. V.A. Sher Shah Suri abolished all these currencies & issued two new currencies made up of silver & copper. This was more interesting than I’d thought it would be. Copyright. These were attached to the mosque. In 1555, after Sher Shah’s death, Humayun regained the throne from his weak successor. What is QRSAM System (Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile System)? This enabled him to familiarize with the strength and weaknesses of the Mughal army. Smith rightly observes: "it is the basis of the existing British currency" (up to 1947). He is remembered for his revenue reforms and military reforms, which were on the same lines as that by Khilji. Akbar continued to issue the Rupya with his own name inscribed. Before going through the various reforms and policies which was introduced by Sher Shah Suri during his regime, one needs to understand the factors responsible for the military achievement against the Mughals who were the descendants of Tamerlane and Mongols. The first coins were minted (made) around 2500 years ago. After he died in 1545, his son Islam Shah climbed the throne. Free kitchens were established by him to feed the poor & hungry. Akbar (1556 AD – 1605 AD) Akbar, his son, succeed him in 1556 AD. 3. The coins of his era were issued from different parts of India. [4] [6] The silver coin remained in use during the Mughal period , the Maratha era (1674–1818) [7] and in British India , as well. In order to preserve the unity of his empire, Akbar adopted programs that won the loyalty of the non-Muslim populations of his realm. During his five-year rule from 1540 to 1546, Sher Shah Suri set up a new civic and military administration and issued a coin of silver, weighing 178 grains, which was also termed the Rupiya. Sher Shah introduced Dagh and Chehra system. Sher Shah Suri followed the system of local responsibility. 3. Sher Shah took the following measures to strengthen his army. He introduced the 'Rupaya' or 'Rupee' which is the offcial currency in India, Pakistan and some other states. Sher means a tiger in Urdu or Hindi . Sher Shah had worked for some time in the army of Babur. Sher Shah introduced a new system of Lr assistance known as the Zabti system. Sher Shah Suri founded the Sur Empire in North India having its capital at Delhi. Farid acquired the name Sher Shah from supposedly having once killed a tiger with his bare hands. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah Suri The historical importance of land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) lies in the fact that they formed the starting point of the series of experiments what marked the first half of Akbar’s reign. Match the following : Answer: C. Choose the correct answer: 1. Born on 1486 at Sasaram, Bihar, India. Its basic features were as follows: (a) The system which Sher Shah introduced in most of the places was Ryotwari wherein the state kept direct relations with the peasants for the assessment and collection of the land revenue. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah: Before Sher Shah… Sher Shah Suri: Sher Shah is rated as one of the greatest rulers of India. He introduced the currency of rupee. The word ‘rupee’ has been derived from the Sanskrit word rupyakam, meaning a silver coin. There was debasement of the current coins and the absence of a fixed ratio between the coins and various metals. Name : Sher Shah Suri. daam-The copper coin run by Akbar which was equal to the 40th part of the rupee. Sher Shah also issued copper coins from different mints. Whether or not this is true, what is clear is that Sher Shah was one of the greatest Muslim rulers of India. ET traces the history of rupee from the British era to now. There was another difficulty, namely, that coins of all previous reigns, in fact of all ages, were allowed to circulate as legal tender. Madrasas were centers for higher learning. An ethnic Afghan, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1538. Mostly Afghans in the army: He recruited mostly Afghan soldiers from every part of the country and also from Afghanistan and gave them important posts in the army. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. A Dam was a small Indian copper coin. He introduced the currency of rupee. The learning of Persian & Arabic was imparted in these institutions. The first "rupee" is believed to have been introduced by Sher Shah Suri, based on a ratio of 40 copper pieces (paisa) per rupee. B. Ancient India in circa 6th century BC, was one of the earliest issuers of coins in the world, along with the Chinese wen and Lydian staters. Among his many reforms was a complete overhaul of the monetary system. Some Indian states minted the coin till their accession to India in 1947. Allah controls the destinies of people at His discretion, and it is not up to us to understand why events often take one turn or another. Content Guidelines Ans. This rupee minus its inscription lasted throughout the Mughal period and was retained by the English East India Company up to 1835. They played an important part in the expansion of Trade and commerce. Sher Shah first introduced Rupya. Whether or not this is true, what is clear is that Sher Shah was one of the greatest Muslim rulers of India. Sher Khan, who also served in Haryana under Mathhi Khan and Jamal Khan, later on, built a tomb at Narnaul in the memory of his grandfather Ibrahim Khan. He consolidated his power practically the whole of North India in a few years. Gold coins were also introduced. Sher Shah issued land grants to the education institution of both the Hindus & Muslims. The administrative system of Sher Shah Suri was so efficient that there was peace & security everywhere & crimes were rare. According to Abbas Khan Sarwani, even an old woman could walk in the middle of the night with a basket full of gold & nobody dare to touch her. ‘Rupiya’, the name for a silver coin of a standard weight of 178 grains, which was the precursor of the modern rupee, was introduced during his reign. 2. It continued to be minted, with altered inscription, by the Mughals and then by the British till 1913. During the ruling period of Sher Shah Suri, he issued coins in different metals. Sher Shah went on regular tours of inspection and set up an efficient spy system. Sher Shah’s pretense of withdrawing but a sudden attack at Humayun in the battle of Kannauj. The punishment was severe. His grandfather, Ibrahim Khan Suri and his father Hasan Khan Suri migrated from Afghanistan to India during the reign of Sultan Bahlot Lodi (1451-1489). Our mission is to liberate knowledge. It was a silver currency weighed 178 grains. Its use was continued by the Mughal rulers. 4. Sher Shah defeated Humayun in Kannauj (1540 AD) and Humayun passed the next twelve years in exile. Sher Shah based his administration on the principle of a welfare state. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. For communication of secret information, aspies were appointed by Sher Shah. Sher Shah did not spare oppressors whether they were high nobles, men of his own tribe or near relations. A relay system was used for the transportation of posts. He issued coins in silver and copper in his own name from a number of places. Mongols and Tamerlane were the most efficient warriors at that time who were known for their raiding skills during the war. His empire consisted of the whole of North India except Assam, Nepal, Kashmir and Gujarat. Sher Shah emperor of north-eastern India (1540-1545) and founder of the Sur dynasty, was the son of Hasan Khan Sur, Jaigirdar of Sasaram (in Bihar). Born in 1472, his original name was Farid. The corruption was checked by the dagh ( branding ) system. A rupee was divided into 40 dams. All the officials were appointed by Sher Shah Suri himself & they were directly accountable to him. Sher Shah initially referred to education for Muslims. Gold coins were also introduced. Following are some of the main instances of Sher Shah’s military strategy. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. One of the most prominent factors was the Sher Shah’s duty in the Babur Army. jital-Smallest coin of copper It was equal to the 25th part of the price. The first paper currency issued by RBI was a 5 rupee note bearing King George VI’s portrait, in January 1938. The first banknote printed by independent India was a 1 rupee note. An ethnic Pashtun, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540 after defeating Moghul king Humayun. The names on the coins were given in Devanagari script. Sher Shah Suri (1540–1545), re-introduced the silver coin rupiya, weighing 178 grains. He introduced a new currency, a silver coin known as 'Rupia'. The in-charge of the post office was known as Daroga-i-Dag Chauki. When Humayun took over Sher Shah Suri, he retained the coinage system introduced by Sher Shah Suri. The great emperor Akbar followed the techniques of Sher Shah’s administration while consolidating the Mughal Empire. During childhood, he did not get along with his father who had several wives. Sowing dissensions in Maldev’s army by forged letters. The currency reforms of Sher Shah were so lasting i.e. The names on the coins were given in Devanagari script. 15 years, it introduced an administration that borrowed elements from Alauddin khalji and made them more efficient. This trimetallic currency had the following market exchange rate: 35 to 40 dams were equal to one silver rupee and 9 silver rupees were equal to 1 asharafi or mohur. There was no fixed ratio between the coins of various metals. The currency reforms of Sher Shah were so lasting i.e. Silver currency issued by him is known as Rupaiya. Rest houses (Sarai) were constructed for benefit of travelers. He reduced custom duties and built an excellent connection of roads, including Grand Trunk Road in Bihar, which was 1,600 miles (2500 Kilometers) long. The most important road built by Sher Shah connected Sonar Gaon in Bengal with the Indus River (Takshila). Photo Source After India became independent in 1947, India’s monetary system remained unchanged for a while, with 1 rupee consisting of 64 pice. The currency system had debased. Sher Shah’s second monumental achievement was to create a new system of currency. Arriving at some sort of understanding with the ruler of Gujarat and keeping Humayun engaged in conflict with him. TOS Sher Shah carried out full-scale reforms in the country, introduced the rupee as the Indian currency and created a powerful state, however, Allah took his life during one of the military campaigns (Sher Shah died from the explosion of his own ammunition depot) after which his son could not retain the throne and lost the war to Humayun. He also abolished the old and mixed metal currency. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. Sher Shah Suri appointed Qazi & Mir Adil to try the cases of judicial cases. Sher Shah Suri found on his accession that the currency system had practically broken down. Answer: Farid; Why did Sher Shah Shah get the title of 'Sher Khan' from his the then patron Bahar Khan Lohani? Recruitment: He did not depend on the Jagirdars for the supply of soldiers whenever needed by the Sultan. About : Sher Shah Suri was one of the few great and benevolent rulers India has seen. Nissar- 2017 UPSC CAPF Answer Key 2017 Who is Who 2020 Sher Shah Suri is named as the builder of Grand Trunk Road, the east west road, which connects Bengal to Punjab. Sher Shah Suri abolished all these currencies & issued two new currencies made up of silver & copper. Although the Suri dynasty ruled for only a short period i.e. He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a … Farid served under the Afghan governor of Bihar, Bahar Khan Lohani, Bahar Khan gave him the title Sher Khan for his bravery (as he killed a tiger). Strength: Sher Shah maintained a strong standing army at the center like Ala-ud-Din Khalji. Maktabs were established as a center of primary education. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. Coins of Sher Shah Suri The coins and currency reforms of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) are one of his most outstanding achievements. Sher Shah Suri found on his accession that the currency system had practically broken down. Sher Shah Suri defeated Sultan Mahmud Shah of Bengal (Battle of Surajgarh) He adopted the title of Sher Shah Suri after defeating Humayun in the Battle of Chausa in 1539. His first conflict was with Hemu, a general of Adil Shah, when he was just 13 years old. However, the system could not be introduced in Multan, Malwa and Rajasthan where the Jagirdari system continued to exist. 2. Shēr Shah of Sūr, original name Farīd Khan, (born 1486?, Sasaram [India]—died May 22, 1545, Kalinjar), emperor of north India (1540–45) in the Islamic Sūr (Afghan) dynasty of 1540–57 who organized a long-lived bureaucracy responsible to the ruler and created a carefully calculated revenue system. Trade roots are safe & merchants were not required to worry about the safety of belongings. (a) Man Singh (b) Todarmal (c) Bhagwant Das (d) Birbal 191. He left home at an early age and took service under Bahar Khan Lohani, Sultan of Bihar, who gave him the title of Sher Khan (meaning Tiger Lord) for his courage and valour. It continued to be minted, with altered inscription, by the Mughals and then by the British till 1913. All internal customs were abolished. then his name became Sher Khan [5]. Sher Shah’s Administration. His silver rupee coins weighed 180 grains, of which 175 grains were pure silver. “Sher Shah was we first Musalman ruler who studies. This was the first time this denomination was used and, obviously, its use has continued to this day. Supplementary armies: Besides the standing army under the direct command of the Sultan, provincial governors, nobles, and subordinate rulers were also allowed to maintain their separate armies. He ran away and got service under Governor of Jaunpur (Uttar Pradesh) Jamal Khan . He maintained a direct link and made them direct loyal to him and not through jagirdars. He also introduced new copper coins called as Dam which was continued by Humayun, Akbar and other Mughal emperors. Sher Shah placed considerable emphasis on justice, as he used to say, “Justice is the most excellent of religious rites, and it is approved alike by the king of infidels and of the faithful“. It was a square or a square piece of pure silver (it was introduced by Sher Shah) and weighed 175 grains. Died on May 22, 1545 at Kalinjar Fort, Bundelkhand, Uttar Pradesh, India. With the help of the Persian ruler Shah Tahmasp of the Safavid dynasty, Humayun succeeded in recapturing Delhi in 1555. rupaiya continued throughout the Mughal period as well as East India Company for a long time (till 1883). Sher Shah Suri, originally named Farid, was the grandson of an Afghan noble who had come to India to serve Bahlul Shah Lodi. Sher Shah introduced a gold coin weighing 169 grains or 10.95 grams and called it ‘Mohar’. A perfect example of square tomb of the Pathan style it was constructed under the supervision of Shaikh Ahmad Niyazi. So much so, that even today we have a lot to thank him for - take for example his currency reforms and the name he gave his currency the Rupiya. Shiqdar was the head of Sarkar and head of pargana administration. Despite strong support from Shah Jahan, who had recovered enough from his illness to remain a strong factor in the struggle for supremacy, and the victory of his army led by his eldest son Sulaiman Dara Shikoh over Shah Shuja in the battle of Bahadurpur on February 14, 1658, Dara was defeated by Aurangzeb and Murad at the battlefield of Samugarh, 13 km from Agra on May 30, 1658. CSIR-SERC Develops an Indigenous ERS System for Power Failures, Charlie Hebdo: All You Need To Know About French Satirical Magazine, Priyanca Radhakrishnan will be the 1st Indian-born Minister in New Zealand’s Cabinet, National Green Tribunal notice to Centre to ban firecrackers from Nov 7-30, Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA) signed by India and United States. He left home at an early age and took service under Bahar Khan Lohani, Sultan of Bihar, who gave him the title of Sher Khan (meaning Tiger Lord) for his courage and valour. Sher Shah Suri was succeeded by his son Islam Shah (Jalal Khan) Islam Shah died in 1553 and the Afghan empire was weakened. Land grants were issued by him to the man of learning & religion. Born in 1472, his original name was Farid. Sher Shah was a secular ruler who practised tolerance and welfare. Sher Shah reformed the postal system as well. Paper money was first used in China over 1000 years ago. Sher Shah ran towards his … Privacy Policy He overthrew the Mughal rule in A.D. 1540 and once again revived the Aghan rule. Akbar, the greatest of the Mughal emperors of India. Akbar, though from a rival house, adopted several of the administrative measures innovated by Sher Shah Suri. Sher Shah first introduced a silver currency called Rupya, weighed 178 grains (11.5342 grams, 1 grain = 64.7989 grams = 0.0647989 mg) and Akbar continued to issue the Rupya with his own name inscribed. Interestingly, the money is still known by the name of Rupya in India. Sher Shah was born in 1472 AD. (Dr. Crooke) Sher Shah was undoubtedly one of the ablest rulers of India. He reigned from 1556 to 1605 and extended Mughal power over most of the Indian subcontinent. Several taxes were being collected from merchants, traders & manufacture when Sher Shah came to power. In case, the officer’s faith in catching the criminal they were punished by him. He was the son of Hasan Khan, a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar . Until the middle of the 20th century, Tibet 's official currency was also known as the Tibetan rupee. Separate code established for civil & criminal cases. 3) First coin with name 'Rupee' was introduced by Sher Shah Suri in 1545 4) The coins issued after 1840 bore the portrait of Queen Victoria 5) Acute shortage of silver during the First World War, led to the introduction of paper currency of One Rupee He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a superstructure of Mughal administration. Updates & Alerts ↴ UPSC Answer Key 2019 UPPSC 2018 Answer Key Complete List of Ministers In Modi Govt. Coin 42 is an early rupee of Sher Shah, dated 947 of the Hijri era, equivalent to 1540-41 CE. Sher Shah Suri was an able administrator. It was at Narnaul id 1486 that he was blessed with a child named Farid (later famous Sher Shah Sur). Going back from his promise with Rajput ruler Purnamal Chauhan and sudden attack by Sher Shah on him. Payment in cash: The soldiers were paid in cash whereas most of the officers were given the jagirs. Sher Shah re-established law and order across the length and breadth of his empire. The second tax was collected when goods were sold to the final consumer. He ruled the Mughal Empire in 1540. Trees were planted near the roads. The first “rupee” is widely believed to have been introduced by Sher Shah Suri (1486–1545).The assumption is based on a ratio of 40 copper pieces (paisa) per rupee.During his brief five-year rule (540-1545), Sher Shah Suri issued a standardised silver coin called Rupiya. Sher Shah was a good general and administrator. At the time of Sher Shah Suri to the throne of Delhi. The Sarai was used as Dak Chauki (PO). Sher Shah was more optimistic as well as a practical leader as compared to other previous leaders who enjoyed the benefits of the thrones of Delhi. Disclaimer The first "rupee” was first introduced by Sher Shah Suri. Sher Shah introduced comprehensive land reforms. The original name of Sher Shah was Farid. 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