After he died in 1545, his son Islam Shah climbed the throne. A rupee was divided into 40 dams. It was a square or a square piece of pure silver (it was introduced by Sher Shah) and weighed 175 grains. Sher Shah introduced a gold coin weighing 169 grains or 10.95 grams and called it ‘Mohar’. Short Biography of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shah Suri was the first King of Sur Empire. TOS Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. He introduced a silver rupiya of standardised weight that retained its basic form into the 20th century. Arriving at some sort of understanding with the ruler of Gujarat and keeping Humayun engaged in conflict with him. Coin 42 is an early rupee of Sher Shah, dated 947 of the Hijri era, equivalent to 1540-41 CE. B. According to Abbas Khan Sarwani, even an old woman could walk in the middle of the night with a basket full of gold & nobody dare to touch her. Mostly Afghans in the army: He recruited mostly Afghan soldiers from every part of the country and also from Afghanistan and gave them important posts in the army. Belonging to the communities of Hindus as well as Muslims. Coins of various Governments were allowed to circulate at the same time and they created a lot of confusion. One road was built to connect Agra with Burhanpur & other road connected Agra with Jodhpur. Separate code established for civil & criminal cases. ‘Rupiya’, the name for a silver coin of a standard weight of 178 grains, which was the precursor of the modern rupee, was introduced during his reign. He ruled the Mughal Empire in 1540. He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a superstructure of Mughal administration. ET traces the history of rupee from the British era to now. 5. Sher Shah Suri abolished all these currencies & issued two new currencies made up of silver & copper. The currency reforms of Sher Shah were so lasting i.e. So much is he famous for this supposed achievement, that even today, it is called Sher Shah Suri Marg. He had the genius to see that government must be popularised and that the king must govern for the benefit to his subjects”. Humayun defeated many Afghans but the Afghan Sher Shah Suri proved to be the most formidable enemy of Humayun and in 1539, at the Battle of Chausa, Sher Khan defeated Humayun and assumed the title of Emperor of India under the name Sher Shah. A relay system was used for the transportation of posts. Farid acquired the name Sher Shah from supposedly having once killed a tiger with his bare hands. Answer: For Killing a tiger; What was the extent of Sher Shah Suri's empire? The ratio of exchange between the Dam and rupee was fixed at 64 to 1. rupaiya continued throughout the Mughal period as well as East India Company for a long time (till 1883). Different types of mixed currencies were in circulation. Sher Shah Suri or Sher khan, was the founder of Sur dynasty in India. Rest houses (Sarai) were constructed for benefit of travelers. 2. This trimetallic currency had the following market exchange rate: 35 to 40 dams were equal to one silver rupee and 9 silver rupees were equal to 1 asharafi or mohur. By the time the British East India Company set itself up in India in the 1600s, Sher Shah’s silver rupiya had already become the popular standard currency in the country. Sher Shah emperor of north-eastern India (1540-1545) and founder of the Sur dynasty, was the son of Hasan Khan Sur, Jaigirdar of Sasaram (in Bihar). When Humayun took over Sher Shah Suri, he retained the coinage system introduced by Sher Shah Suri. Sher Shah captured Delhi and established his own dynasty known as the Suri dynasty. The punishment was severe. He ran away and got service under Governor of Jaunpur (Uttar Pradesh) Jamal Khan . Sher Shah Sur (1540-1545) Sher Shah waged extensive wars with the Rajputs and expanded his empire. The purpose of punishment was not to reform the criminal but to set the example for others. What is QRSAM System (Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile System)? Shēr Shah of Sūr, original name Farīd Khan, (born 1486?, Sasaram [India]—died May 22, 1545, Kalinjar), emperor of north India (1540–45) in the Islamic Sūr (Afghan) dynasty of 1540–57 who organized a long-lived bureaucracy responsible to the ruler and created a carefully calculated revenue system. The most important road built by Sher Shah connected Sonar Gaon in Bengal with the Indus River (Takshila). The coin was first introduced by Sher Shah Suri during his rule of India between 1540 and 1545, along with Mohur, the gold coin and Rupiya the silver coin. Privacy Policy Answer: Farid; Why did Sher Shah Shah get the title of 'Sher Khan' from his the then patron Bahar Khan Lohani? He left home at an early age and took service under Bahar Khan Lohani, Sultan of Bihar, who gave him the title of Sher Khan (meaning Tiger Lord) for his courage and valour. The currency system had debased. Whether or not this is true, what is clear is that Sher Shah was one of the greatest Muslim rulers of India. The first banknote printed by independent India was a 1 rupee note. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. Sher Shah Suri (1540–1545), re-introduced the silver coin rupiya, weighing 178 grains. Sher Shah introduced Dagh and Chehra system. Sher Shah emperor of north-eastern India (1540-1545) and founder of the Sur dynasty, was the son of Hasan Khan Sur, Jaigirdar of Sasaram (in Bihar). The man who gave the Mughals many sleepless nights and defeated Humayun, Sher Shah Suri’s short 7 years (1538-45 CE) tenure on the throne was impactful. Planting of trees & digging wells & construction of public rest houses could be also considered as a welfare measure of Sher Shah. Sher Shah first introduced Rupya. Sher Shah was a past master in adopting successful war tactics. It was a silver currency weighed 178 grains. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. The founder of the Sur dynasty was Sher Shah, whose original name was Farid. There was no fixed ratio between the coins of various metals. Despite being a despotic ruler, Sultan Sher Shah Suri initiated various welfare measures for benefit of the people. It was at Narnaul id 1486 that he was blessed with a child named Farid (later famous Sher Shah Sur). Name : Sher Shah Suri. Sher Shah did not spare oppressors whether they were high nobles, men of his own tribe or near relations. 4. Sher Khan, who also served in Haryana under Mathhi Khan and Jamal Khan, later on, built a tomb at Narnaul in the memory of his grandfather Ibrahim Khan. Payment in cash: The soldiers were paid in cash whereas most of the officers were given the jagirs. The currency system at the time of his accession to the throne was in a hopeless condition. In civil cases, Hindu laws were applied to Hindu & Islamic law was applied to Muslims. Its use was continued by the Mughal rulers. Sher Shah Suri defeated Sultan Mahmud Shah of Bengal (Battle of Surajgarh) He adopted the title of Sher Shah Suri after defeating Humayun in the Battle of Chausa in 1539. This was the first time this denomination was used and, obviously, its use has continued to this day. The Sarai was used as Dak Chauki (PO). “Sher Shah was we first Musalman ruler who studies. Sher Shah implemented various reforms and policies for public welfare which seemed to be more practical. Sher Shah introduced comprehensive land reforms. Sher Shah Suri appointed Qazi & Mir Adil to try the cases of judicial cases. Sher Shah had worked for some time in the army of Babur. Some Indian states minted the coin till their accession to India in 1947. About : Sher Shah Suri was one of the few great and benevolent rulers India has seen. During his five-year rule from 1540 to 1546, Sher Shah Suri set up a new civic and military administration and issued a coin of silver, weighing 178 grains, which was also termed the Rupiya. Gold coins were also introduced. Going back from his promise with Rajput ruler Purnamal Chauhan and sudden attack by Sher Shah on him. It continued to be minted, with altered inscription, by the Mughals and then by the British till 1913. He issued coins in silver and copper in his own name from a number of places. Sher Shah Suri, originally named Farid, was the grandson of an Afghan noble who had come to India to serve Bahlul Shah Lodi. Sher Shah Suri, originally named Farid, was the grandson of an Afghan noble who had come to India to serve Bahlul Shah Lodi. The First ever silver rupee coin was issued by Sher Shah. He consolidated his power practically the whole of North India in a few years. It was based on a ratio of 40 copper pieces (paisa) per rupee. Sher Shah was a secular ruler who practised tolerance and welfare. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah Suri The historical importance of land revenue system of Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) lies in the fact that they formed the starting point of the series of experiments what marked the first half of Akbar’s reign. jital-Smallest coin of copper It was equal to the 25th part of the price. Strength: Sher Shah maintained a strong standing army at the center like Ala-ud-Din Khalji. Sher Shah re-established law and order across the length and breadth of his empire. A Dam was a small Indian copper coin. After his final defeat, Humayun had to pass nearly fifteen … Ans. He stopped the use of billon and introduced tri-metallic coinage which was adopted by Akbar and the later Mughals. Sher Shah Suri divided his empire into 47 sarkars. Among his many reforms was a complete overhaul of the monetary system. He didn’t interfere in the education system of Hindus. It was called phulos or money. Content Guidelines Sher Shah Suri introduced the silver rupee which weighed 11.6 grams. During childhood, he did not get along with his father who had several wives. He maintained a direct link and made them direct loyal to him and not through jagirdars. He believed in the maxim “Everything is fair in love and war”. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. Sher Shah’s second monumental achievement was to create a new system of currency. Smith rightly observes: "it is the basis of the existing British currency" (up to 1947). Sher Shah introduced a new coin called Dam. The first "rupee" is believed to have been introduced by Sher Shah Suri, based on a ratio of 40 copper pieces (paisa) per rupee. Sher Shah introduced a new coin called Dam. Trees were planted near the roads. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. Every soldier had his chehra (face) recorded and his horse branded with imperial sign. His father came to know this and he wrote a letter to Jamal Khan, the Governor of Jaunpur. His first conflict was with Hemu, a general of Adil Shah, when he was just 13 years old. Gold coins were also introduced. In order to preserve the unity of his empire, Akbar adopted programs that won the loyalty of the non-Muslim populations of his realm. 3. Besides this, there were a large series of mint less silver and copper coins which formed the currency during the early period of his conquests and consolidation of his rule. There was a separate arrangement for Hindus & Muslims in these rest houses. Sher Shah’s diplomatic surrender to Humayun at Chunar fort. Recruitment: He did not depend on the Jagirdars for the supply of soldiers whenever needed by the Sultan. Photo Source With the help of the Persian ruler Shah Tahmasp of the Safavid dynasty, Humayun succeeded in recapturing Delhi in 1555. His rival, Sher Shah began his coinage by employing newer weight standards and terms; the silver coin was christened ‘Rupaiya’ a term still current in modern India! He was the son of Hasan Khan, a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar . The sarais were also used as Dak- chowki. This was more interesting than I’d thought it would be. (a) Jahangir (b) Shah Jahan (c) Akbar (d) Aurangzeb 197. Who completed the Qutab Minar? 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