In contemporary society, science has played a more pivotal role than technology in the development of civilization. Robert Merton titled his 1938 doctoral dissertation Science, Technology and Society in Seventeenth-Century England. While science is the study of the physical and the natural world, technology is the application arising from science. STEM education creates critical thinkers, increases science literacy, and enables the next generation of innovators. Science and technology may and will play an important role in coping with the agricultural and food problems of the world, not so much by producing new inventions as by propagating the scientific-technological achievements already available and by adapting them to the new situation, to the conditions of climate, soil, types of production, labour etc. Developments in science and technology are fundamentally altering the way people live, connect, communicate and transact, with profound effects on economic development. He demonstrated how the Puritan ethos of usefulness influenced not only scientific publishing, but also mining, textile, and global navigation … Fossil fuels have provided electricity and have been the backbone of transportation. Right from easy communication between healthcare professionals and patients to computer-assisted medical procedures, it’s technology … Rain that has fallen on a The purpose of science is to develop a vast breadth and depth of data and knowledge to enable us to understand why things are the way they are (Oberdan 26). The Science, Technology, and Society Program (STS) supports research and associated activities that examine the relationships among science, technology, engineering, and society. This view does not deny the constraints imposed by nature on the physical reality of technological artifacts, but it does maintain that knowledge and underst… Science generates knowledge and understanding by attempting to eliminate potential sources of bias, often through controlled experiments. The two aspects, science and technology, each have significantly helped in our day to day activities, long disease free lives and as an avenue for ease of stress. The need for a better understanding of epidemics, for instance, drives our research of the topic. The Role of Science and Technology in Society and Governance. The Internet and fossil fuels such as oil, natural gas and petroleum, are two important contributions of science and technology to society. Contents Introduction Science in Transition What is physics? It shows the importance of such scientific discovery as electricity. In this article, I will discuss the importance of physics to society, other sciences, and technologies. important aspect of scientific and technological activities, and the role of science in this knowledge creation is important for the realization of “science and technology for society.” The relationship between science and technology and society, can be described by the example of rain falling on a mountain. Drivers can buy gas to fuel their vehicles at relatively low costs and it is readily available. All positive and negative occurrences in our collective history has a link or caused developments in science and technology. Technology gave an impetus to scientific research and led to advancements in science. Physics is a branch of natural sciences that deals with matter and energy and their relation. Just as technology often develops because there is a need for it, science helps solve the needs of society. 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