It is also called fifth disease, "slapped cheek" or erythema infectiosum. It usually affects the school going children during spring season. This is a common skin related disease that can infect children. This infection occurs primarily during winter and spring, most commonly in children between 5-14 years of age. Causes of Fifth disease This disease is caused by a virus that is called human parvovirus B19 and can be spread by something as simple as a sneeze or cough. Children tend to display cold like symptoms and the rash. Parvovirus B19 causes fifth disease. Fifth disease typically causes a rash on the face that looks like a slapped cheek. If an adult is not immune, he or she can become infected with fifth disease. It looks like a "slapped cheek." The Facts. It is caused by parvovirus B19. Fifth disease is also scientifically known as Erythema infectiosum which is commonly found in children between the age group of 5 to 15 years. Adults can get fifth disease too, but most infections are in children. Symptoms can include a low fever, cold symptoms, and a headache. In most children, parvovirus infection is mild and needs little treatment. But in some adults, the infection can be serious. Health care professionals first described fifth disease in 1896 and named the illness fifth disease because of its fifth position in the numerical classification of six childhood illnesses associated with rashes (exanthems). About 4 in 5 infected children have very mild symptoms for about a week before getting the rash. Along with those symptoms, about 80% of adults also develop joint pain in the wrists, hands and knees. What is Parvovirus B19 (Fifth Disease)? Symptoms of fifth disease include a rash as if the face has been slapped. Adults who get it might also have joint pain and swelling. The joint pain usually clears up in a few weeks. It is caused by a human parvovirus (B19). If your child (or you) has been unwell with what you think is the flu and later develops bright red cheeks, fifth disease may be the cause. Fifth disease or erythema infectiosum is the result of a possible manifestation of an infection by parvovirus B19 (a type of erythrovirus most commonly known for causing diseases in the pediatric population but can also affect adults). Treatment includes home remedies, such as drinking fluids, taking acetaminophen (Tylenol) to control the fever, and washing hands to prevent spreading the virus. Called fifth disease because it was historically the fifth childhood infectious rash to be named, this viral infection occurs worldwide but is more common in temperate climates. Fifth disease symptoms are generally mild for healthy children and adults and usually go away with time, without creating any complication. Fifth disease is also called as slapped cheek syndrome and erythema infectiosum in medical terms. It’s more common in children than adults. Fifth disease is a mild viral infection caused by human parvovirus B19. health Advertisement. The medical name for fifth disease is erythema infectiosum (EI). Fifth disease is a mild illness that occurs most commonly in children. Fifth disease is a viral illness caused by human parvovirus B19. You can easily determine the rash from other diseases as it appears to be more like the child has been slapped across the face. Adults can also have fifth disease. The rash can spread to the arms, legs, and trunk. In patients with certain types Click on any image to enlarge it. Older children and adults with fifth disease are more likely to develop joint pain and swelling. This disease is characterized by the rash formation on cheeks and arms and even on legs for children and adults. on 17 Apr 2011 at 5:53 am. It is so called because it was the fifth fever and rash illness identified (along with chickenpox, measles, etc.). Frequently washing your hands might help prevent getting the virus. Fifth disease is a mild illness caused by a virus called human parvovirus B19. Diagnosing fifth disease in adults can be difficult because it shares similar symptoms with other diseases. US Pharm. The rash is due to the viral infection by name human parvo virus B19. Adults who get it might also have joint pain and swelling. It still resurfaces at times and its unbearable when it does. What are the symptoms of fifth disease in a child? Discover 10 common fifth disease symptoms at 10FAQ Health and stay better informed to make healthy living decisions. In some adult cases of fifth disease after having the disease it may be followed up by swelling or pain in your joints, especially in your wrists, ankles, hands, or knees. Fifth disease (human parvovirus B19) is a common illness in children. Most adults have antibodies to this virus from previous exposure, but it is possible for an adult to develop this condition. 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