(���(���( ��( ��(�QL��� Z))hh������ Z(�� Imagery – Psychological Skills Training; Goal Setting – Psychological Skills Training; Concentration – Psychological Skills Training; Education: Self-confidence is the belief that you can successfully perform a desired behaviour. 0000001508 00000 n /O 29 (��Q@–��� ZJZ Z))h ���������(���(ii)h ��) �QE -Q@Q@EP�IK@ES ��) QE �QE (���(����� (���(���( ��( ��)��QE (�� (�� The Sport Mental Training Questionnaire is a reli-able and valid brief questionnaire that will facilitate psycho-logical evaluation of mental preparation among athletes. (�� (�� /Rotate 0 %���� (��Q@R�EPKE(���Q@Š(�AEP0��ZQE /Type /XObject (�� (�� >> (�� /DecodeParms << /Quality 65 >> (�� Z(��)h ��( �����(��(��(����� 3 distinct phases of psychological skills training. (����� (�� (�� (����Z((����Z((����(��(��(���� J)i( ��( ��( ��( ��( �����ZJ ))h�����Q@Š(��(�BQKI@Q@%-% QE�ZJQE QE QE0�(�ES(��@QE QE0�(�EPh�� (�� (��`QE QE JZJ��� RQE QE %RPE� QE�(��@�Q@Q@(���E% ���P�IE --% �RR�EP�IK@-% �QE ��P��R�KIK@Q@E%- ��� �QE (�� JZJ (��`QE (�� (�� (�� ... - use imagery during ties when imagery use is less frequent - less-skilled athletes need encouragement - all ages can benefit. /BM /Normal (����K@KM����(h������� (���(��)h ��)�QE�(�� )h�� (��Q@Š(�AKE(�� )h�� How do different areas of your body feel? Recall a situation in which you’ve experienced a negative emotion, become angry, tensed up, lost concentration, lost confidence. (�� A program or intervention that entails a structured and consistent practice of psychological skills (���Q@��(����� “Psychological skills training (PST) refers to the systematic and consistent practice of mental or psychological skills for the purpose of enhancing performance, increasing enjoyment, or achieving greater sport and physical activity self‐satisfaction” (Weinberg & Gould, 2007, p. 250). The ability to manipulate images so they do what you want them to – visualising successes rather than failures or faults. )h��(���( ��( ��( ��Z (�� (�����( ��( ��( ��Z J)h���� (�� (�� (�� (�� LQKE %�PQE QE QE QE �R�@ EPEPQKE %Q@Q@Q@ E-% QE %�� �R�PEPEPQE �QE (�� (�� (�� The effectiveness of PST can be seen in how developed the psychological skills are of successful players. (��Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@QH�(���)�QE�(�� )i)h ��( �����(�ER ��)�QE- JZ((����(��(��(����� Recommendations for future studies were also suggested. /Type /ExtGState (���%-J(���ZJ ))i( ��( ��( ����ER(�� (�� (��`EE%- QE QE ��Rh���EPKIE �(�ER ��( ��)�QE�(�� Z))i�QE�(�� (�� Z))i�QE QE�(�� (�� (�� (��`QE QE QE Picture what you’ve traditionally done wrong. >> Training to have a professional attitude is very important. Despite the individual differences known to impact imagery use (e.g., type of task, imagery perspective, imagery speed), imagery remains a key psychological skill integral to a performer’s success. /S 133 0000025345 00000 n The following steps should be taken to develop an imagery training program: Have a realistic understanding that imagery can assist performance. endobj (�� (�� /Width 1536 >> %PDF-1.5 /Prev 72968 (�� >> Imagery allows the athlete to become familiar with the requirements of a task. J(��(��(�4QE QE QE QE -�P�E QE �RQ@EPKIE �(�ER ��)�QE QE�Z))i�QE�(�� (�� Z(��QH�(��(�EPER ��Z (��`QE JZ((����(�ER ��( ��( ��( ��( ��((���ER ��( �����(���� J(�� (�� Students must independently apply and compete for internship appointments. Third, recreate the kinesthetic sensations when you play well. (���(���( ��Z (�� (��QK@��(�aKE QE QE- QK@Q@-PEPE� QE R�E QE �Q@Q@Q@Q@-PEPEPE- QE QE QE QE QE �R�PEPEPEPQKIL�(�EPEPEPEPEPQE�(��@QE %QL�(�IKI@Q@Q@%-% ��� RR�PA��@%-% ��� QEJ(���(�bQE(��`%RR ��( �����(�ER��Sh�� (�� Z)(���( ��( �����JZ Z))h ��(h����(���� Z(���(����� )(��(��(��)(i(�� The internship is typically completed in the fifth or sixth year of study. ZJ(h��`QE ZJZ Z(���(������JZ Z(��-%- ��� QE�)i)i QE �QE -QL�(�KIK@Q@EPEP�E QE(��-��)i)h ��( ��( ������� Z(�� (��R�ES ��) QE R�E0 0000001380 00000 n /Filter /FlateDecode (��QH�(����� (�� (�� (�� (���(�ER ��( �����(���( ��Z (�� (��QK@��)hQE QE R�R�KE QE �QE QE QK@Q@-PEPKE QE QE QE QE- QE QE QE QE R�@ EPEPEPEPEPIKE %QL�(�EPEPEPEPEPQE�(��@QE %Q@Q@ EPEPEPQE RR�PIKI@Q@%-% ��� QE %PIKI@ EPEPIE �QE QI@Q@QL (�� (�� Imagery can, and should, involve as many senses as possible. (�� startxref (��QH�����QLAKIKHaEP ��Z (�� (��QE QE /Parent 25 0 R >> (�� Psychological Strategies Used by Competitive Gymnasts to Overcome the Fear of Injury T. Michelle Magyar, Melissa A. (�� This is part of a five part series on Psychological Skills Training, covering the education, acquisition and practice of psychological skills. 0000001444 00000 n J(� A research study showed that with PST, successful athletes were seen to possess higher confidence, self-regulation of arousal, improved concentration, control over their attitude, determination, positive thoughts, and commitment (Krane, 2001, cited in Lewis-Clark State College, n. endstream (��-%- ZJ(h��`QE ZJZ`QE Sport psychology practitioners have adapted and developed a number of mental skills for use in sport (e.g., imagery, positive self-talk). << Keywords: Psychological skill training, Self-talk, Goal setting, Relaxation, Imagery, Soccer players 1. JZJ ��J)��QE QE QE QE QE -�P�E R�Q@E%- ��P�IK@QH�(��(�ERh���ER ��(h���ER ��( ��)�QE�(�� Z(��QH�)h ��( ��Z (��`QE /N 6 Psychological skills training (PST) involves training athletes and exercisers to learn psychological skills (e.g., relaxation skills) that help these performers regulate their psychological state (e.g., their feelings of confidence). (���%-% Section II – Psychological Skills of Mentally Tough Athletes . ZJZ (�� (�� Z(���(����� /Length 146 /E 36567 /StructParents 0 Ensure the imagery has a positive focus (successful outcome). Some early research examined the effects of training athletes in the use of self-talk as part of larger mental skills training that involved training in skills such as mental imagery, relaxation, and goal setting. (���J(h��`QE (�� (�� /ca 1 (�� (��AE�(�� (�� )h�� ZJ �(�����QH�(�ERh�� (�� )h�� (�� (�� (���(���( ��( ��� (�� (�� (�� (�� (��� /Lang (en-US) /CropBox [ 0 0 960 540 ] (���J(h�� Z)(���( ������� Z(���(��(���(h�� Z(��QL��) R�R�ES ��Z@QE �Q@-%- QE QE ��� QE �QE QK@Q@Q@Š(�B�E)h�� xref why imagery is effective, and apply imagery skills in a wide variety of relevant contexts. (�� (��E% QE% -%PEP)(������J(h�� (�� Z))hh������ ZZJZ Z(�� (��Q@Q@Q@Q@QL�(��(��(�EPES ��( ��( ��( ��( ��) QE QE- QE0 (�� Because imagery is a mental skill, you will need to concentrate on creating and controlling your images, which can be tiring when you first get started. These four themes were the most needed psychological skill training by the respondents. imagery/routine skills; breathing/relaxation/body awareness skills; self-talk and body language . Z(�aEPKE QE QE�QE!�Q@Q@Q@�PQKE &(�- QE �R�@ E- �R�@ EPEPEPEPEPEPEPQKI@Q@%- �QE endobj endobj /Type /ExtGState endobj (����� (���(�IK@Q@Q@E% �))hh����(������E �RR�������� u-6����� ZZJZ )i)hii(���(ii)hh���EP��Q@EPKIE -Q@E%- -���(��@QE ��P�E �RR�0��(�RR�EPEP0����EP0�����(��(���� Z))hh����(���� Z(�� Practical: Imagining a positive performance. (�� (�� (���(��)h ��( ��(QE- (�� (�� (��%-% Imagery and Visualization . (�� J(��(���J ZJ(���( ��J ZJ)( ��( ��J`-%� QE% QE QE �Q@RP�QE RQ@h������ Z))h ��( ����E%- -�� R�Q@KIE --% ���P��� ZZm- --%- -�� �QE --6�@E%- ��� �RR��E�)i(������(���� Z(���JZ Z))h ��( ��( �����(���� Z(���J(h�� (��QE�J(���P�IK@Q@Q@E% �RR��IE -Q@Q@E% �RQ@E&ih. Some of these are imagery relaxation, self-directed relaxation, progressive relaxation training and biofeedback relaxation. (��-% �QE0 29 0 obj Self Confidence – Psychological Skills Training; Goal Setting – Psychological Skills Training; Concentration – Psychological Skills Training; Education: Imagery is the simulation of events in the mind. Tags: G4 Athlete, Mental Edge, Mental Skills, Performance, Psychological Skill Training, Rehabilitation, Relaxation, Returning from Injury, Self-Talk, Training Psychological Skill Training. Although a number of ‘psychological training packages’ and ‘psychological techniques’ exist these are usually variations of basic psychological skills. (�� ����KIK@QL����Q@EP�E�(��@QE -Q@-%- /Contents 37 0 R (��-PEP0��(R�E Acting Energised Just like the video, when have you seen American Footballers butt heads in a game or seen tennis players celebrate by doing a fist pump. endobj The PST intervention will be adapted from PST programs like Ebersbächer’s Mental Training . /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB ZJ(h������ ZZJ(h�� Z))h �����(������(����� ZJZ (�� (��QE (���(�ER ��( ���`QE �(�ER ��( ��Z (�� )h�� (�� Z(�ER ��Z (��`QKH�(�ER ��( ��Z (�� )h�� /Tabs /S 0000035653 00000 n (�� /CA 1 0 Taking guided breathing and relaxation with imagery one step further, is the use of cue words. >> ���� C /Pages 25 0 R 0000025073 00000 n This is often developed in early training sessions with a sports coach. • Apply knowledge of mental skills training to the areas of stress management and emotion regulation. %%EOF (�� ZJ(h���ER ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��)�QE QE QE QE QE�(�� )h��QH�(����� Are able to persist through difficult tasks and difficult times, even when these rewards and benefits are not immediately forthcoming. (�� (�� Coach's Script for Psychological Skills Training: Imagery Imagery allows you to recreate previous positive experiences or picture new events to prepare yourself mentally for performance. (���(���( ��Z (�� (���Q@R�EPEPKE R�E QK@Q@Q@R�EPE� QE QE QKE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE %�PQE QE QE �QE0 These are all e.g's of acting energised. << (��Q@-% �QE0 Mental imagery has three stages; preparatory phase, competitive phase, and peaking phase. stream �# stream (�� /T 72979 << Why you need to ‘turn up the volume’ on your muscles before exercise, The 5 Ways to Overcome the Challenges of FIFO Exercise, The massive motivation-mistake you’re making when trying to build habits, The 16 Physical Tests That Measure EVERYTHING, Arousal Regulation – Psychological Skills Training, Self Confidence – Psychological Skills Training, Goal Setting – Psychological Skills Training, Concentration – Psychological Skills Training. Practicing the control of emotional responses. (�� (�� (�� J �(��@QE %QL�(�IKI@Q@Q@%-% ��� RR�PEPIKI@%)��� �QE�(���( ��J ))i( ��((�� (�� (�� �Fh��Q@Q@E% �QE -�P�E QE R�Q@KIE -Q@E%- QE -�� R�R�KIK@QH�(���( �����(��(���( �����(���)�QE�(�� )h���R� ��( ��� (�� (����� QE- QE QE ��� R�R�EP�E QE R�R�EP�E QE �QE QE QE QKL�(�EPKE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE �QE QE QE ����(��@QE QE QE QE QE %QL�(�EPQE�(��@��� QE QE RQE ��� RR�PEPIKI@ EPEP! Now make the correction. That’s how you really ingrain new technical and mental skills and habits. (�� (�� /Subtype /Image (��EP0��( ��(R�R�0�����(��(����� Low self-confidence is a self-fulfilling prophecy, where each point leads to the next. (���(��(�aKIK@R�EPEPKE R�E QK@Q@Q@R�EPKE QE QE- QE QE QE QE QE QE QF( ���`%�� QE QE QE�(�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� ))h���( ��( �����(��(����� x�c```b``�f`f``ka`@ V �x���b���h��g�'����;G�ӌ�'�e����P��J^���YѧdeN�|���>� �D W����A � a�?SC���a�ə��l/� U�5�t/j��t � Detailed imagery is more effective, including all senses, external environment, emotions and internal dialogue. (�� /Filter /DCTDecode Recall as vividly as possible a time when you performed very well. J(��(���)�RQE RQ@Q@Q@RP /Resources << /ExtGState << /GS6 30 0 R /GS9 31 0 R >> /XObject << /X0 It involves the practice of four psychological skills (self-talk, imagery, goal-setting, and arousal control) and will be based on the latest guidelines and recommendations about instruction and application of these skills [1, 27, 73, 77]. (���J(ii(������JZ (�� Z))hh�� Z))hii�� �QE --6��E%- --6���(����������JZ ZZJ(h��@-�� �RR�EP�IK@-%- ��P�E QE R�Q@EP�IK@Š(�B�IK@Q@Q@–��-Q@Ţ��� (�� (�� �� � w !1AQaq"2�B���� #3R�br� J)( ��J (�� )(�� (��Q@ES ��Z@QE0 /BM /Normal Psychological skills training (PST) is as important to the athlete as physical training and can contribute 50-90% of their performance. Build confidence (successful completion of a skill/task). First, visually recall a movie of what you looked like, your body language. /L 73646 JZJ (�� (�� ))i)�QE�(�� mQ@QL�(��(�EP�IKL�(�EPKIE -QL�(�EPEPES ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��) QE �RR� ��) QE R�R�EPKIK@QL�(�ES ��) �QE Imagery allows the athlete to respond to certain stimuli in their environment. Z(�aEPKE QE QE QE QE- %-PEPE- ��Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@Q@%- �R�@ EPEPQKE %Q@Q@Q@Q@ E- �QE %��(��QE QE�ZJ (�� J)i( �����EP ��( ��( ���� ER �����(��(����� Imagery is the simulation of events in the mind. (�� Training to Failure – The Hidden Benefits (and 8 sessions to try). ZJ(h�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (��� << Imagine both the execution and the outcome of a skill. During the preparatory phase JJ will conduct imagery training every day, he will work on the vividness of the imagery as well as controlling it. << JZJ (�� )(���(����� ZJ(�QE�JZ (�� (�� )i)h �����(����� (�� Z(��(��(��(��(��(��(���� J(�� (���(������ZJ (�� ))i( ����AEP1(���AIKI@��� (�� ))i( �����(���( ��)�^�(��(���� Z))hh����JZ (�� Z)(���( ��( �����(���� Z(���JZ (��@QE0 (��-%- QE0 As we continue our Psychological Skills Training series in pelinks4u, today's article provides a script for the coach, and a reproducible handout for athletes that looks at how to involve all the senses in order to successfully use imagery. ZJZ (�� (�� )i)h ��(h�� )i(���( ��(QEZ))hR�Q@EPEPEP�E �RR�EP�E QE QE �RR�EP�IK@Q@-% �RQ@EPEPEPEPEPEPEPEPE% �RQ@Q@Q@RP�IE QE QI@E% QE QE QE QE QIE QE QI@IE% -%PEPE� QE% QE QI@��)( ��J (�� )(���)( ��( ��� )(�� (��QH�(���)�QE- /Type /Catalog (�� The result of a bad tackle. '.EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE�� ` " �� /MarkInfo << /Marked true >> performance skills, interpersonal skills, self-talk and mental imagery). (�� An athlete will find his or her ability to train well or perform well often is related to how that athlete mentally approaches training or competition. ZJZ (�� ZZJ(ii)h ��(h�� ZZJZ (��@��� R�R�EPKIK@Q@EP�E�(��@��� QE �QE QE -Q@Q@Š(�B�E)i)h ��( ��( �������� (�� 0000024890 00000 n (�� He has a Bachelor of Science (Exercise and Health Science) and a Postgraduate Bachelor of Exercise Rehabilitation Science from The University of Western Australia, with minors in Biomechanics and Sport Psychology. (�� /Linearized 1 All these actions share similar characteristics and involve the combination of quick (��Q@R�EPKE QE- QE QE (��%-% ZJ(h����(��(���� Z)(���( ��(h����J(h����J(h�����( ��( ��( ��� Z)(��(��(��(��(��J(h��� $4�%�&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz�������������������������������������������������������������������������� ? 0000000709 00000 n (�� The difficulty of the skills being performed and the high intensity of training for (���(��(��(���( ������( ��((�� J(�� ZJZ (��`QE There are four elements to mental imagery - Relaxation, Realism, Regularity and Reinforcement (The 4Rs) (Hale 1998). Imagery was made famous in the sporting area but can also be used successfully in professional settings. (�� �QE0 PSTT players were exposed to three psychological skills (goal setting, imagery, and arousal regulation) and then … Researchers have often focused on four mental skills: goals setting techniques, relaxation techniques, imagery techniques and self-talk. (�� (�� For this reason, it is best to begin your imagery training by imaging high quality images for short periods of time, and … A leg giving out on a plant foot. ZJ(ii(����� ZJZ ZZJ(ii(�QIK@-%- --% �QE --%- -���(�� ZZJ(h�� )i)h ��(h�� Z(��QH�(���( ����aEP ����aEP ��(QEZ(���-% �QE QE ��P�E �QE ��P�E QE QE �RR�EP�IE -�� QE QE Q�(���� Z)(���� 3EPEPEPE� �RQ@IE QE QIE -�PEPEPEPEPE% ��Q@Q@�PE� ��Q@Q@RP�QE �Q@Q@�P ��� )(�� Z(�ER ��( ��( ���QK@��(���( ��( ��(QE- Are aware of the rewards and benefits that they expect to experience through their sports participation. 38 0 obj A useful way to increase the feeling in your mental imagery is to combine imagined and real sensations. /ID [<4ec0a899230769ff8f029a979712a704><4ec0a899230769ff8f029a979712a704>] (��EP0��(R�E (�� ZJZQE (�� (��Q@%S ��) QE% QE QE QI@Q@ EPQE QE% ��� QE RQE�(���( ������( ��� (�� )(�� (���(��(��)h ��Z (�� )i)h ��( ��(h�� )i)h ��( �����(��(��(� R�E QE ��P�E QE QE QE QE QE QE QE RQE QE QE ��� QE QE QE QE QE QE RQE0 /Size 39 (��EPEP�E QE(�� )h�� (��Q@ES ��) QE R�E0 Successful athletes: 1. (��%-% QE QE ��PQE RR�PIKI@Q@Q@ EPQE QEJ(��� RR�P h��@�J`QE �(��(���((��Q@-% �RQ@EPEPEPKIE -�� QE �RQ@EP�IK@QH�(��(�ERh�� (�� )i)i�QE�(�� (��`QE ZJ(h���EPER ��( ��( ��( ��( ��)�QE QE QE�(�� (��� (��Q@Q@Q@QH�(����� Imagery has been found to improve concentration, reduce anxiety and enhance confidence. For years, sport psychologists have examined how psychological skills training, including mental skills training, helps athletes improve performance. JZJ (�� J(���)( ��( ��� )(�� (�� ZJZ (�� (�� Z))h �����(���� Z(�� /H [ 811 236 ] (����� (����J( ��( ��( ��J ZJ(��J( ��( ��J-%� ��RP�QE QI@�PE% QE RQE �Q@Q@%S ��� )(�� Psychological Skills Training (PST): Imagery & Goals (����(�0��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( �����(��(���� J(����(�0��(QE �R�PEPIKE�(�AIKE�(�AEPEPES(��@QE0�(�EPES(���EPEPh��`QE QE Combining mental skills can lead to higher levels of performance The Importance of Cue Words. (�� (�� Students in our Are you tight or relaxed? >> JZ(�QE ��P1(��%�� QE QE RR�S ��) �R�PEPEPIKI@��)�QE�Z))i�QE QE�(�� (��`QE athletes recognize importance of mental skills and performance impact. (�� Z(��)h ��)�QE�(�� (��� >> JZ((��QE (�� (����)i QE(�� )h�� Visually recall a skill you’ve struggled with in the past. (�� /BitsPerComponent 8 JZJ (�� J(���(��(���((��QE %Q@%-% ���PEPIKIL�)) QE QE% QE AES �����J(h�� (�� Z)(���( ��( ��( �����(���� Z(���JZ (��@QE0 << 0000035314 00000 n (���(��)h ��( ��(QE- QK@Q@Q@Q@-PE- QE QE- QE QE QE QE QE R�@ E- QE QE QE QE QE QE RR�@ E- �R�PEPEPEPEPIKE %Q@Q@ E-% ��PQE QE QE �QE %��(��QE�ZJ (��%Q@����� Chase, Ph.D. Purdue University The competitive sport of women’s gymnastics can be mentally and physically demanding on an athlete. The final version contains 20 items grouped into 5 subscales (foundational skills, performance skills, interpersonal skills, self-talk and mental imagery). Imagery along with goal setting, positive self-talk and relaxation methods are popular in the field of sport psychology and in mental skills training. Do you feel fast or slow? (���(���( �����(��(���( ��Z (�� )i)h ��( ��( ��( �����(��(���( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��((�� (�� (�� J(��QH�(��(��(��(��)( ��)�QE�(�� J(�� (�� MONITORING MOODS/ATTITUDES. ZJ(ii)hh�� ZZJ(h�� ZZJZ Z))h ���������E R�R� �����(��IKH���� (�� (���J(h����J(h����J( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��J Z)(���� (�� (�4� �RQ@IE% -�P�QE QE QE QI@E% QIE -%PEPE%ZJ)(i(�� (���JZ`QE Goal setting, self-talk, mental imagery and mental rehearsal, and relaxation are the four most prominent PST methods used by athletes. (�� �z(����(��(�KIE -QL�(�EPKIK@QL�(�EPEPES ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��( ��) QE QE �QE0 (�� /Type /Page (�� 1. education phase 2. acquisition phase 3. practice phase. 32 0 obj /Root 28 0 R What are your emotions? (�� The effect of Psychological skills training (goal setting, positive selftalk and Imagery) on self-confidence of adolescent volleyball players Realize that many of the benefits come from t… )(� )(��(��J( ��J (�� (�� )(�� (��Q@-%-0 (�� (���JZ (��@Q@EPKIK@Q@-%- QE QE QE ��Sh��@QE QE -�P�E QE QE% -�PEPEPEPIE QE QE QE QE QE QE% -%S ��) QE RQE QE QE �Q@Q@Q@%PE� QE% QE QI@%-% QE �Q@���J (�� ))i( ��� )(�� (�� 0000000811 00000 n 30 0 obj (�� Education phase. Imagery needs to be developed and practised regularly. (�� Mental Imagery along with self-talk and goal setting can enhance performance more than any one step in the PST. (���JZ (�� Z(�� (�� mental rehearsal, symbolic rehearsal and mental practice. • Identify the various components of a mediational model of stress and describe their interactions. /Interpolate true (�� JZ(�QE (��R�E0 The measurement of imagery ability and frequency provides a way of monitoring the progression of imagery use and imagery ability. (��-%- QE ��� QE QE�(��@��� QE QE R�E QK@QL�(�EPKE(���Q@R�EPEP0��ZQK@Š(��(���( ��� (��� (�� endobj In recent years an increasing number of studies have tried to investigate the effects of mental skills on athletic performance. (�� (��� (���-%- QE -Q@Q@Q@EP�E R�Q@EPEPKIK@Q@E%- QE -�� QE QE QE QE QE�Z)(��IE -�P�IE -�P�QE QE QE QE QE QE QE RQ@Q@Q@RP�QE QE QI@IE QE QE QE RQE QI@IE% QE QE �Q@ EPE�(��� (�� (�� ER ��( ��)�Q@QH���`-Q@Q@E%- QE QE 32 0 R >> /Font << /F1 33 0 R >> >> 27 0 obj 31 0 obj (��Q@EPKIK@Q@Q@-PEP�E R�R�EPEPE� QE R�E Second, recall the sounds, both external and internal (inner voice). (�� (��KIK@Q@Q@Q@-%- QE QE -�� QE QE QE QE QE QE RQE QE QE QI@QL�(�EPEPEPEPIE�(��@QE ��� QE QE �QE QE QE �Q@%-% ��� QE RQE �Q@RP ��J ))i( ��((��� trailer ZJ(ii(������(�����-%- QE ��� QE �QE -QL�(�EP�E R�E (�� Recreate the emotions, then work through strategies to focus on successful skill completion with correct focus and positive emotions. 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