The primary reason that the pattern is altered is because cutting off the end of the barrel removes the choke, which generally only extends about two inches (5 cm) inward from the muzzle. However, Feds took a shotgun from Randy Weaver, cut it to 17 3/4", then tried to pin it on him. Although the magazine can be shortened, with a corresponding loss in magazine capacity, such a modification tends to be considerably more technically complex, often involving large diameter square threading, and welding or silver soldering, at a bare minimum. The light weight of short-barreled shotguns, particularly in configurations that lack substantial stocks, leads some users to use short 'minishells' with lower shot and powder loading for comfortable casual use.[13]. Shotguns, in general, are good home defense weapons. The bank robber Clyde Barrow modified his Browning A-5 shotgun by cutting the barrel down to the same length as the magazine tube, and shortening the stock by 5 to 6 inches (125 to 150 mm) to make it more concealable. The gun was drawn up quickly and fired from the shoulder under which it was carried. In addition, some firearm types that would normally be considered to fall into the Short Barrel Shotgun (SBS) category are not legally considered to be a SBS. Shotguns and shotgun receivers that have never had a buttstock of any type installed are not shotguns, as they cannot be shoulder mounted. The law will go into effect on July 1st. Sawed off shotgun rules/laws? Shotguns manufactured with barrels under the legal minimum length frequently fall into special categories. Cut the tube a time or two close to the muzzle to get comfortable with the process. Under the National Firearms Act (NFA), it is illegal for a private citizen to possess a sawed-off modern smokeless powder shotgun (a shotgun with a barrel length shorter than 18 inches (46 cm) or a minimum overall length of the weapon, total, including the 18-inch minimum barrel, of under 26 inches (66 cm)) (under U.S.C. As a result of the shorter barrel length, any sawed-off shotgun with a magazine tube will have its capacity reduced. They were replaced over time as more conventional arms became available and as the tactical use of cavalry shifted towards use as mounted infantry. A sawn-off shotgun with exposed, manually cocked hammers and dual triggers is known as a lupara ("wolf-shot") in Italy and, while associated with organized crime, was originally used by Sicilian farmers and shepherds to protect their vineyards and flocks of animals. In the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand, where handguns are not easily obtainable, the sawn-off shotgun was a common weapon in armed robberies during and shortly after the 1960s, and it is this use that most people associate with the weapon. Vol. Barrow dubbed it the "Whippit", as he was able to "whip it" out easily. Pump-action or semi-automatic shotguns have a tube magazine attached to the underside of the barrel which limits the minimum barrel length to slightly longer than the length of the magazine tube, when only the barrel is modified. [12] In rural areas of North India, where it is seen as a weapon of authority and prestige, it is known as a dunali, literally meaning "two pipes". If a factory-produced shotgun has a barrel less than 18 inches, it’s legal so long as its overall length is greater than 660mm, or 30 inches, and the action is hand-operated, like a pump-action. Short-barreled, manually operated shotguns (non-semi-automatics) are non-restricted as long as the barrel remains unmodified from the original factory length. A shotgun may not have its barrel shortened so as to change the category under which that shotgun would be classified. The following are the restrictions for specific nations. Barrow dubbed it the "Whippit", as he was able to "whip it" out easily. 1, January 1985, pp. In countries where handguns are more costly or difficult to obtain, criminals might convert legally purchased or stolen shotguns into concealable weapons. Many nations have placed legal restrictions on sawed-off shotguns. The barrel length is legal and overall gun length is legal and saves you the hassle of trying to cut one down. Please improve this article by adding a reference. Additional restrictions might apply in many other jurisdictions. The availability of the source weapons and the ability to use single ball, shot, or a mix of both as the situation required were reasons why they were initially desired by those establishing Confederate cavalry units. [citation needed] The United States, Britain and Canada criminalized their possession in the 1930s. [12] In rural areas of North India, where it is seen as a weapon of authority and prestige, it is known as a dunali, literally meaning "two pipes". Powerful and compact, the weapon is especially suitable for use in small spaces. Restrictions only apply to pump-action shotguns, which require a minimum barrel length of 45 cm and a minimum overall length of 90 cm to be legal. They are used by military forces and police agencies worldwide. The following are the restrictions for specific nations. A short-barreled shotgun is also referred to as a sawed-off shotgun. In the United States, it is illegal to posses a sawed off shotgun that has a barrel length of less than eighteen inches, unless the individual has obtained a taxed permit from the ATF. Compared to a standard shotgun, the sawn-off shotgun has a shorter effective range, due to a lower muzzle velocity; however, its reduced length makes it easier to maneuver and conceal. Compared to a standard shotgun, the sawed-off shotgun has a shorter effective range, due to a lower muzzle velocity and wider spread of shot. In Germany, the possession of a sawed-off shotgun is legal with a firearms license (Waffenbesitzkarte), just like any other firearm. Restrictions only apply to pump-action shotguns, which require a minimum barrel length of 45 cm and a minimum overall length of 90 cm to be legal. In the 1930s, the United States, Britain and Canada mandated that a permit be required to own these firearms. 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