The concept underwent a preliminary field exercise in Fiscal Year 1998, followed by a more extensive nationwide readiness exercise in Fiscal Year 1999. The Selective Service System (SSS) is an independent agency of the United States government that maintains information on those potentially subject to military conscription (i.e. The highest lottery number called for possible induction was 125. The outbreak of the Korean War fostered the creation of the Universal Military Training and Service Act of 1951. [73], The case National Coalition for Men v. Selective Service System resulted in the male-only draft being declared unconstitutional by a district court. The publicity caused more nurses to volunteer, agencies streamlined recruiting. He will be eligible for this class only during the period of his exempt status. [22], On 29 March 1975, 38th President Gerald R. Ford, whose own son, Steven Ford, had earlier failed to register for the draft as required,[23] signed Proclamation 4360 (Terminating Registration Procedures Under Military Selective Service Act), eliminating the registration requirement for all 18- to 25-year-old male citizens. According to the Code of Federal Regulations Title 32, Chapter XVI, Sec. The lottery then takes place, and each date is paired with a number at random. [53] Following the ruling, Selective Service System attorney Jacob Daniels told reporters: "Things continue here at Selective Service as they have in the past, which is men between the ages of 18 and 25 are required to register with Selective Service. the draft). [36], In February 2019, a challenge to the Military Selective Service Act, which provides for the male-only draft, by the National Coalition for Men, was deemed unconstitutional by Judge Gray H. Miller in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas. Ministers of religion; exempted from military service. Whatever your field, wherever your location, our compact, all-weather, mobile shelter systems have the strength and durability to make your mission a success. The Director of the Selective Service System reports directly to the President of the United States. Service Number (SN). [76] Starting on the day of the inauguration of President Biden, the Selective Service System was under an Acting Director following the departure of the previous Director, Don Benton, and pending the nomination and confirmation of a new permanent Director. knowing and willful. Deferment lasted either until graduation or until the registrant reached the age of 24. This began a debate over the drafting of all women, which was defeated in the House of Representatives. A principal element for conviction under the Act is proving a violation of the Act was intentional, i.e. Alien or dual national; sometimes exempt from military service. Registrant qualified for service only in time of war or national emergency. Conscientious objector opposed to both combatant and noncombatant training and service. Miller's opinion was based on the Supreme Court's past argument in Rostker v. Goldberg (1981) which had found the male-only draft constitutional because the military then did not allow women to serve. For administrative reasons, group numbers issued first consist of the ODD numbers from 01 through 09 and then EVEN numbers from 10 through 98, within each area number allocated to a State. Note: We have 250 other definitions for SSS in our Acronym Attic. Note: Within the cessation of registrant processing in 1976, all registrants (except for a few alleged violators of the Military Selective Service Act) were classified 1-H regardless of any previous classification. Alternative service in lieu of induction may still be required. Examples of alternative service are jobs in: 1. conservation 2. caring for the very young or very old 3. education 4. health care Length of service in the … The potential fine was later increased to $250,000. The Selective Service System (SSS) is an independent American agency that registers all men between the ages of 18 and 25, in the event that the United States Congress authorizes a draft for military service. Upon his return to the United States, he must report the date of return and his current address to the Selective Service Area Office. Please look for them carefully. ", "Hudson's Guide: Selective Service and Trans Men", Women should be eligible for the draft, commission recommends, "Prosecutions of Draft Registration Resisters", "Gender-Neutral Draft Registration Would Create Millions of Female Felons: It's unlikely any would face prison, but jailed draft resisters and former officials urge caution", State / Commonwealth and Territory Legislation, "Applications for Driver License or Non-Driver ID Card", "(Class 4-C) Selective Service System: Information for Registrants Booklet", "Selective Service System: Aliens and Dual Nationals", "Draft Registration, Draft Resistance, the Military Draft, and Health Care Workers and Women and the Draft", "Court of Appeals overturns ruling that male-only draft registration requirement is unconstitutional", "Supreme Court asked to review Constitutionality of current male-only draft registration requirement", "Selective Service System: Director's Biography", "Past Directors of the Selective Service Systeme", "About Selective Service - About the Agency - Leadership", "Selective Service System: About the Agency", "Draft Registration for Women Would Stir a Sleepy Government Agency", "Selective Service System: Return to the Draft - Sequence of Events", "Selective Service System: Selective Service Lottery", "Title 32, Subtitle B, Chapter XVI, Part 1630, Code of Federal Regulations", "Past Directors Of The Selective Service System", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Selective_Service_System&oldid=1004532090#Classifications, Independent agencies of the United States government, Organizations that oppose LGBT rights in the United States, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2016, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, (2017): 124 full-time civilians, 56 part-time civilian directors, 175 part-time reserve force officers (in peacetime), up to 11,000 part-time volunteers. No. Or, for example, when there is evidence the government at any time provided notice to the prospective defendant to register or report for induction, he was given an opportunity to comply, and the prospective defendant chose not to do so. In the opinion of legal experts, this is almost impossible to prove unless there is evidence of a prospective defendant knowing about his obligation to register and intentionally choosing not to do so. Registration for Men 18-25. [69] These challenges, however, have not been supported by the courts; as the Supreme Court stated in Butler v. Perry (1916): The amendment was adopted with reference to conditions existing since the foundation of our government, and the term 'involuntary servitude' was intended to cover those forms of compulsory labor akin to African slavery which, in practical operation, would tend to produce like undesirable results. [26], A bill to abolish the Selective Service System was introduced in the United States House of Representatives on 10 February 2016. These two capsules are certified for procedure, sealed in a drum, and stored. If you served in the military from 1940 through 1956, including attendance at a service academy, you did not pay Social Security taxes. It does not place a military service commitment on you, and registration does not make you part of the all-volunteer United States military. The military draft was discontinued in 1920. Shelter Subsystem. [72], Since the reinstatement of draft registration in 1980, the Supreme Court has heard and decided four cases related to the Military Selective Service Act: Rostker v. Goldberg, 453 U.S. 57 (1981), upholding the constitutionality of requiring men but not women to register for the draft; Selective Service v. Minnesota Public Interest Research Group (MPIRG), 468 U.S. 841 (1984), upholding the constitutionality of the "Solomon Amendment", which requires applicants for Federal student aid to certify that they have complied with draft registration, either by having registered or by not being required to register; Wayte v. United States, 470 U.S. 598 (1985), upholding the policies and procedures which the Supreme Court thought the government had used to select the "most vocal" non-registrants for prosecution, after the government refused to comply with discovery orders by the trial court to produce documents and witnesses related to the selection of non-registrants for prosecution; and Elgin v. Department of Treasury, 567 U.S. 1 (2012), regarding procedures for judicial review of denial of federal employment for non-registrants. Students attending a college or training program full-time could request an exemption, which was extended as long as they were students. Meaning of SSS. Following the Japanese air raid attack on Pearl Harbor on Sunday, 7 December 1941, and the subsequent declarations of war by the United States against the Empire of Japan and a few days later against Nazi Germany, the service period was subsequently extended in early 1942 to last for the duration of the war, plus a six-month service in the Organized Reserves. The registrant is still required to serve in civilian alternative service. Registration does NOT necessarily mean that you will be drafted. Created in 1948; changed to, Registrant not acceptable for military service. It originally conscripted all men aged 21 to 35 for a service period of 12 months. Deferment lasted either until graduation or until the registrant reached the age of 24. [39], In December 2019, a bill to repeal the Military Selective Service Act and abolish the Selective Service System, H.R. [26] As a result, only men born between 29 March 1957, and 31 December 1959, were completely exempt from Selective Service registration. Some registrants are not U.S. citizens, or have dual nationality of the U.S. and another country; they fall instead into one of the following categories: The Selective Service System is authorized by the Article I, Section 8 of the United States Constitution which says Congress "shall have Power To ... provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union;" The Selective Service Act is the law which established the Selective Service System under these provisions. Men in Class I were the first to be drafted, and men in lower classifications were deferred. If the agency were to mobilize and conduct a draft, a lottery would be held in full view of the public. [56] Failure to register can cause problems such as denial of Pell Grants, even when registration would not have been allowed. Different procedures would be followed for a special-skills draft, such as activation of the Health Care Personnel Delivery System (HCPDS). A registrant who registered at a time required by Selective Service law and thereafter acquired status within one of its groups of persons exempt from registration. Costs of investigating, prosecuting, and imprisoning violators would be included in the budget of the Department of Justice[citation needed]. Selective Service System, SSS (noun) an independent federal agency that administers compulsory military service. [43] Failure to register as required is grounds for denying a petition for U.S. citizenship. Get the top SSS abbreviation related to Triangle. Also include the veteran's service number on a request if service was during the SSS stands for Signature Security Service. Any or all of these procedures could be changed by Congress as part of the same legislation that would authorize inductions, or through separate legislation, so there is no guarantee that this is how any draft would actually work. Those who were required to register, but failed to do so before they turned 26, are no longer allowed to register, and thus may be permanently barred from federal jobs and other benefits, unless they can show to the Selective Service that their failure was not knowing and willful. This page is about the meanings of the acronym/abbreviation/shorthand SSS in the Governmental field in general and in the Military terminology in particular. On 26 November 1969, 37th President Richard Nixon signed an amendment to the Military Selective Service Act of 1967 that established conscription based on random selection (lottery). [58], In 1980, men who knew they were required to register and did not do so could face up to five years in prison, a fine of up to $50,000 or both if convicted. Physical, mental and moral evaluation of registrants: Registrants with low lottery numbers receive examination orders and are ordered to report for a physical, mental, and moral evaluation at a Military Entrance Processing Station (MEPS) to determine whether they are fit for military service. Governmental » Military. [18] The third was on 5 August 1971, pertaining to men born in 1952; the highest lottery number called was 95.[19]. Dictionary entry overview: What does SSS mean? [62] Alaska also requires registration to receive an Alaska Permanent Fund dividend. This page is about the meanings of the acronym/abbreviation/shorthand SSS in the Governmental field in general and in the Military terminology in particular. Governmental » Military. If upheld, under the ban ordered by President Donald Trump, trans women who were required to register with the Selective Service System would not be allowed to serve in the military if drafted or volunteering. To be eligible for Class 4-F, a registrant must have been found not qualified for service in the Armed Forces by a, Registrant exempted from service because of the. Registrant who has completed military service. Note: The 1-Y classification was abolished 10 December 1971. First, all days of the year are placed into a capsule at random. The Selective Service Act of 1948, enacted in June of that year, created a new and separate system, the basis for the modern system. Add to My List Edit this Entry Rate it: (2.33 / … Conscientious objector to all military service (Separated). [35] The commission is to study and make recommendations by March 2020 on the draft, draft registration, registration of women, and "the feasibility and advisability of modifying the military selective service process in order to obtain for military, national, and public service individuals with skills (such as medical, dental, and nursing skills, language skills, cyber skills, and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) skills) for which the Nation has a critical need, without regard to age or sex". Due to deep postwar budget cuts, only 100,000 conscripts were chosen in 1948. Heinrich Himmler (1900-45), a fervent anti-Semite like Hitler, became head of the Schutzstaffel, or SS, in 1929 and expanded the group’s role and … In interviews published in U.S. News & World Report in May 2016, current and former Selective Service System officials said that in 1988, the Department of Justice and Selective Service agreed to suspend any further prosecutions of non-registrants. Menu Search. In response, the Selective Service published plans for the "Health Care Personnel Delivery System" (HCPDS) in 1989, and has had them ready ever since. Get the top SSS abbreviation related to Steel. Registration with Selective Service is required for various federal programs and benefits, including the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA), student loans and Pell Grants, job training, federal employment, and naturalization. [51], Until their 26th birthday, registered men must notify Selective Service within 10 days of any changes to information regarding their status, such as name, current mailing address, permanent residence address, and "all information concerning his status ... which the classifying authority mails him a request therefor". The Government & Military Acronym /Abbreviation/Slang SSS means Sapper Squad Set. Even during peacetime, the agency is also aided by 11,000 volunteers serving on local boards and district appeal boards. Current serving member or registrant undergoing induction separated from military service due to a change in family status. The description below is for a general draft under the current Selective Service regulations. Define SSS at AcronymFinder.com. [20] The seventh and final lottery drawing was held on 12 March 1975, pertaining to men born in 1956, who would have been called to report for induction in 1976. NASA, Conscientious objector currently performing assigned. ; What does SSS mean? The names are distributed to the Services for recruiting purposes on a quarterly basis. Please look for them carefully. In addition, certain categories of non-US citizen men between 18 and 25 living in the United States must register, particularly permanent residents, refugees, asylum seekers, and illegal immigrants. Get the top SSS abbreviation related to Military. [30], On 27 April 2016, the House Armed Services Committee voted to add an amendment[31] to the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017[32] to extend the authority for draft registration to women. President John F. Kennedy set up Executive Order 11119 (signed on 10 September 1963), granting an exemption from conscription for married men between the ages of 19 and 26. Registrant Not Subject to Processing for Induction. [2] Foreign men lawfully present in the United States who are non-immigrants, such as international students, visitors, and diplomats, are not required to register, so long as they remain in that status. All men aged 21 to 30 were required to enlist for military service for a service period of 12 months. [62] The Department of Motor Vehicles of 27 states and 2 territories automatically register young men 18–25 with the Selective Service whenever they apply for driver licenses, learner permits, or non-driver identification cards. To support this claim, the registrant must submit documentation from the diplomatic agency of the country of which he is a subject verifying his exempt status. 4523 would (a) end draft registration and eliminate the authority of the President to order anyone to register for the draft, (b) abolish the Selective Service System, and (c) effectively repeal the "Solomon Amendments" making registration for the draft a condition of Federal student aid, jobs, and job training. An Internet meme about the event being the beginning of World War III began gaining in popularity very quickly, causing an influx of visitors to the Selective Service System website, which was not prepared to handle it.[41][42]. Many types of jobs are available, however the job must be deemed to make a meaningful contribution to the maintenance of the national health, safety, and interest. For SSS we have found 500 definitions. Also part of Selective Service is a field structure of military Reservists and civilian volunteer board members. Postal codes: USA: 81657, Canada: T5A 0A7, Your abbreviation search returned 212 meanings, showing only Military and Government definitions (show all 212 definitions), Note: We have 250 other definitions for SSS in our Acronym Attic, Search for SSS in Online Dictionary Encyclopedia, The Acronym Finder is The first to be called, in a sequence determined by the lottery, will be men whose 20th birthday falls during the calendar year the induction takes place, followed, if needed, by those aged 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 19 and 18 year olds (in that order). Local boards were subsequently instructed to reclassify all 1-Y registrants by administrative action. All men between the ages of 18 to 25 were eligible to be drafted for a service requirement of 21 months. Hop on to get the meaning of SSS. The Selective Service System’s structure consists of the National Headquarters, Data Management Center, and three Region Headquarters, with 124 full-time employees authorized. A Universal Military Training clause was inserted that would have made all men obligated to perform 12 months of military service and training if the Act was amended by later legislation. ,random This is a list of initials, acronyms, expressions, euphemisms, jargon, military slang, and sayings in common or formerly common use in the United States Air Force.Many of the words or phrases have varying levels of acceptance among different units or communities, and some also have varying levels of appropriateness (usually dependent on how senior the user is in rank). Exemption was discontinued in December 1971. ... an independent federal agency that administers compulsory military … Printer friendly. Printer friendly. As an alternative method of encouraging or coercing registration, laws were passed requiring that in order to receive financial aid, federal grants and loans, certain government benefits, eligibility for most federal employment, and (if the person is an immigrant) eligibility for citizenship, a young man had to be registered (or had to have been registered, if they are over 26 but were required to register between 18 and 26) with the Selective Service. Registrant is not subject to processing for induction until a draft is enacted. What does Government & Military SSS stand for? Registrant deferred because of occupation in a war industry or a trade or profession considered essential to national defense: (. In the event of a draft, for every man who fails to register, another man would be … Student deferred by statute (High School). Governmental » Military. [74] A petition for review was then filed with the U.S. Supreme Court. [61], Most states, as well as the District of Columbia, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and Virgin Islands, have passed laws requiring registration for men 18–25 to be eligible for programs that vary on a per-jurisdiction basis but typically include driver's licenses, state-funded higher education benefits, and state government jobs. [50] The HCPDS plans include women and men age 20–54 in 57 job categories. [4][52], In February 2019, the male-only military draft registry was ruled to be unconstitutional by a federal district judge in National Coalition for Men v. Selective Service System. During 2018 and 2019, the Commission held both public and closed-door meetings with members of the public and invited experts and other witnesses. Hardship deferment; deferred from military service because service would cause hardship upon their families, Hardship deferment; separated from military service because service would cause hardship upon their families. Also, draft board membership requirements were reformed: minimum age of board members was dropped from 30 to 18, members over 65 or who had served on the board for 20 or more years had to retire, and membership had to proportionally reflect the ethnic and cultural makeup of the local community. Currently, citizens who are as young as 17 years and 3 months old can pre-register so when they turn 18 their information will automatically be added into the system. 5492, was introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives by Representatives Peter DeFazio (D-OR) and Rodney Davis (R-IL). [45][46][47][48][49], In 1987, Congress ordered the Selective Service System to put in place a system capable of drafting "persons qualified for practice or employment in a health care occupation" in case such a special-skills draft should be ordered by Congress. Conscripts could volunteer for military service in the Regular United States Army for a term of four years or the Organized Reserves for a term of six years. This lowered the draft age from 19 to ​18.mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px;white-space:nowrap} 1⁄2, increased active-duty service time from 21 to 24 months, and set the statutory term of military service at a minimum of eight years. [4] The Selective Service System is a contingency mechanism for the possibility that conscription becomes necessary. [70], During the First World War, the Supreme Court ruled in Arver v. United States (1918), also known as the Selective Draft Law Cases, that the draft did not violate the Constitution. For example, if 19 January is picked from the "date" capsule and the number 59 picked from the "number" capsule, all men of age 20 born on 19 January will be the 59th group to receive induction notices. SOS is a Morse code distress signal ( ), used internationally, that was originally established for maritime use.In formal notation SOS is written with an overscore line, to indicate that the Morse code equivalents for the individual letters of "SOS" are transmitted as an unbroken sequence of three dots / three dashes / three dots, with no spaces between the letters. Is the mission of CAMSS Shelters to design, engineer and manufacture the best portable Shelters. The publicity caused more nurses to volunteer, agencies streamlined recruiting a provision! 25 February 1986 ) local boards and district appeal boards activated and induction notices sent: and... His exempt status 1961 were required to register can cause problems such as activation the... On a request objector opposed to serving in the military will be to! The HCPDS plans include women and men married before the Executive order 12553 signed. 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